Highly permeable and mechanically robust silicon carbide hollow fiber membranes

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Abstract

Silicon carbide (SiC) membranes have shown large potential for applications in water treatment. Being able to make these membranes in a hollow fiber geometry allows for higher surface-to-volume ratios. In this study, we present a thermal treatment procedure that is tuned to produce porous silicon carbide hollow fiber membranes with sufficient mechanical strength. Thermal treatments up to 1500 °C in either nitrogen or argon resulted in relatively strong fibers, that were still contaminated with residual carbon from the polymer binder. After treatment at a higher temperature of 1790 °C, the mechanical strength had decreased as a result of carbon removal, but after treatments at even higher temperature of 2075 °C the SiC-particles sinter together, resulting in fibers with mechanical strengths of 30–40 MPa and exceptionally high water permeabilities of 50,000 L m−2 h−1 bar−1. Combined with the unique chemical and thermal resistance of silicon carbide, these properties make the fibers suitable microfiltration membranes or as a membrane support for application under demanding conditions
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-487
JournalJournal of membrane science
Volume475
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Keywords

  • IR-93129
  • METIS-307029

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