Highly stable and low loss electro-optic polymer waveguides for high speed microring modulators using photodefinition

M. Balakrishnan, Mart Diemeer, A. Driessen, M. Faccini, Willem Verboom, David Reinhoudt, Arne Leinse

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Abstract

Different electro-optic polymer systems are analyzed with respect to their electro-optic activity, glass transition temperature (Tg) and photodefinable properties. The polymers tested are polysulfone (PS) and SU8. The electro-optic chromophore, tricyanovinylidenediphenylaminobenzene (TCVDPA), which was reported to have a high photochemical stability has been employed in the current work. Tert-butyl-TCVDPA, having bulky side groups, was synthesized and a doubling of the electro-optic coefficient (r33) compared to the unmodified TCVDPA was shown. A microring resonator design was made based on the PS-TCVDPA system. SU8 (passive) and TCVDPA (active) channel waveguides were fabricated by the photodefinition technique and the passive waveguide losses were measured to be 5 dB/cm at 1550 nm.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE, The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsY. Sidorin, C.A. Waechter
Place of PublicationBellingham, USA
PublisherSPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Pages61230j1-61230j9
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)978-0-819-46204-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE 6123
PublisherSPIE, The International Society for Optical Engineering
Numbersuppl 2
Volume6123

Keywords

  • EWI-8634
  • IR-66743
  • METIS-237809
  • IOMS-PIT: PHOTONICS INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY

Cite this

Balakrishnan, M., Diemeer, M., Driessen, A., Faccini, M., Verboom, W., Reinhoudt, D., & Leinse, A. (2006). Highly stable and low loss electro-optic polymer waveguides for high speed microring modulators using photodefinition. In Y. Sidorin, & C. A. Waechter (Eds.), Proceedings of SPIE, The International Society for Optical Engineering (pp. 61230j1-61230j9). [10.1117/12.645243] (Proceedings of SPIE 6123; Vol. 6123, No. suppl 2). Bellingham, USA: SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.645243