How ecological engineering can serve in coastal protection

Bastiaan Wijnand Borsje, B.K. van Wesenbeeck, F. Dekker, P. Paalvast, J. Bouma, M.M. van Katwijk, Mindert de Vries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

198 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Traditionally, protection of the coastal area from flooding is approached from an engineering perspective. This approach has often resulted in negative or unforeseen impacts on local ecology and is even known to impact surrounding ecosystems on larger scales. In this paper, the utilization of ecosystem engineering species for achieving civil-engineering objectives or the facilitation of multiple use of limited space in coastal protection is focused upon, either by using ecosystem engineering species that trap sediment and damp waves (oyster beds, mussel beds, willow floodplains and marram grass), or by adjusting hard substrates to enhance ecological functioning. Translating desired coastal protection functionality into designs that make use of the capability of appropriate ecosystem engineering species is, however, hampered by lack of a generic framework to decide which ecosystem engineering species or what type of hard-substrate adaptations may be used where and when. In this paper we review successful implementation of ecosystem engineering species in coastal protection for a sandy shore and propose a framework to select the appropriate measures based on the spatial and temporal scale of coastal protection, resulting in a dynamic interaction between engineering and ecology. Modeling and monitoring the bio-physical interactions is needed, as it allows to upscale successful implementations and predict otherwise unforeseen impacts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-122
JournalEcological engineering
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

ecosystem engineering
ecological engineering
coastal protection
Ecosystems
Ecology
ecology
engineering
substrate
multiple use
Sediment traps
facilitation
civil engineering
sediment trap
floodplain
flooding
Substrates
Civil engineering
grass
ecosystem
monitoring

Keywords

  • Coastal protection
  • Dutch coastline
  • Ecosystem engineering species
  • Ecosystem-based management
  • METIS-269907
  • IR-86385
  • Building with Nature
  • Artificial habitats

Cite this

Borsje, B. W., van Wesenbeeck, B. K., Dekker, F., Paalvast, P., Bouma, J., van Katwijk, M. M., & de Vries, M. (2011). How ecological engineering can serve in coastal protection. Ecological engineering, 37(2), 113-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.11.027
Borsje, Bastiaan Wijnand ; van Wesenbeeck, B.K. ; Dekker, F. ; Paalvast, P. ; Bouma, J. ; van Katwijk, M.M. ; de Vries, Mindert. / How ecological engineering can serve in coastal protection. In: Ecological engineering. 2011 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 113-122.
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Borsje, BW, van Wesenbeeck, BK, Dekker, F, Paalvast, P, Bouma, J, van Katwijk, MM & de Vries, M 2011, 'How ecological engineering can serve in coastal protection' Ecological engineering, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 113-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.11.027

How ecological engineering can serve in coastal protection. / Borsje, Bastiaan Wijnand; van Wesenbeeck, B.K.; Dekker, F.; Paalvast, P.; Bouma, J.; van Katwijk, M.M.; de Vries, Mindert.

In: Ecological engineering, Vol. 37, No. 2, 2011, p. 113-122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Borsje, Bastiaan Wijnand

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AU - Dekker, F.

AU - Paalvast, P.

AU - Bouma, J.

AU - van Katwijk, M.M.

AU - de Vries, Mindert

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Borsje BW, van Wesenbeeck BK, Dekker F, Paalvast P, Bouma J, van Katwijk MM et al. How ecological engineering can serve in coastal protection. Ecological engineering. 2011;37(2):113-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.11.027