How polycentric is urban China and why? A case study of 318 cities

Xingjian Liu, Mingshu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite much insightful work on polycentric urban development in China, there is a lack of systematic comparison at the intra-city level. Therefore, this paper explores polycentric urban development in 318 cities of China using detailed gridded population data. Our analysis examines the spatial structure of urbanized area within individual cities and identifies population centers within cities that are at the prefectural level and above. Our empirical results suggest that over 90% of Chinese cities have four or fewer 'centers', and approximately 40% only have one 'dominating' center. Regression models reveal that higher degrees of polycentricity are associated with cities in fragmented landscapes. Conditioning on topographic characteristics and total land area, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita is associated positively with high polycentricity in Eastern China. Furthermore, our analysis suggests that the development of multiple (sub)centers in a number of cities (e.g., Shanghai and Tianjin) is relatively consistent with their master plans.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-20
Number of pages11
JournalLandscape and urban planning
Volume151
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

urban development
Gross Domestic Product
conditioning
city
analysis
land
comparison
city centre
plan

Keywords

  • China
  • Intra-city
  • Polycentricity
  • Subcenters
  • Urban form
  • Urban policy

Cite this

@article{e418f75cbd254e939f135dab08c295a3,
title = "How polycentric is urban China and why? A case study of 318 cities",
abstract = "Despite much insightful work on polycentric urban development in China, there is a lack of systematic comparison at the intra-city level. Therefore, this paper explores polycentric urban development in 318 cities of China using detailed gridded population data. Our analysis examines the spatial structure of urbanized area within individual cities and identifies population centers within cities that are at the prefectural level and above. Our empirical results suggest that over 90{\%} of Chinese cities have four or fewer 'centers', and approximately 40{\%} only have one 'dominating' center. Regression models reveal that higher degrees of polycentricity are associated with cities in fragmented landscapes. Conditioning on topographic characteristics and total land area, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita is associated positively with high polycentricity in Eastern China. Furthermore, our analysis suggests that the development of multiple (sub)centers in a number of cities (e.g., Shanghai and Tianjin) is relatively consistent with their master plans.",
keywords = "China, Intra-city, Polycentricity, Subcenters, Urban form, Urban policy",
author = "Xingjian Liu and Mingshu Wang",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.03.007",
language = "English",
volume = "151",
pages = "10--20",
journal = "Landscape and urban planning",
issn = "0169-2046",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

How polycentric is urban China and why? A case study of 318 cities. / Liu, Xingjian; Wang, Mingshu.

In: Landscape and urban planning, Vol. 151, 01.07.2016, p. 10-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - How polycentric is urban China and why? A case study of 318 cities

AU - Liu, Xingjian

AU - Wang, Mingshu

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - Despite much insightful work on polycentric urban development in China, there is a lack of systematic comparison at the intra-city level. Therefore, this paper explores polycentric urban development in 318 cities of China using detailed gridded population data. Our analysis examines the spatial structure of urbanized area within individual cities and identifies population centers within cities that are at the prefectural level and above. Our empirical results suggest that over 90% of Chinese cities have four or fewer 'centers', and approximately 40% only have one 'dominating' center. Regression models reveal that higher degrees of polycentricity are associated with cities in fragmented landscapes. Conditioning on topographic characteristics and total land area, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita is associated positively with high polycentricity in Eastern China. Furthermore, our analysis suggests that the development of multiple (sub)centers in a number of cities (e.g., Shanghai and Tianjin) is relatively consistent with their master plans.

AB - Despite much insightful work on polycentric urban development in China, there is a lack of systematic comparison at the intra-city level. Therefore, this paper explores polycentric urban development in 318 cities of China using detailed gridded population data. Our analysis examines the spatial structure of urbanized area within individual cities and identifies population centers within cities that are at the prefectural level and above. Our empirical results suggest that over 90% of Chinese cities have four or fewer 'centers', and approximately 40% only have one 'dominating' center. Regression models reveal that higher degrees of polycentricity are associated with cities in fragmented landscapes. Conditioning on topographic characteristics and total land area, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita is associated positively with high polycentricity in Eastern China. Furthermore, our analysis suggests that the development of multiple (sub)centers in a number of cities (e.g., Shanghai and Tianjin) is relatively consistent with their master plans.

KW - China

KW - Intra-city

KW - Polycentricity

KW - Subcenters

KW - Urban form

KW - Urban policy

UR - https://ezproxy2.utwente.nl/login?url=https://webapps.itc.utwente.nl/library/2016/isi/wang_how.pdf

UR - https://ezproxy2.utwente.nl/login?url=https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.03.007

U2 - 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.03.007

DO - 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.03.007

M3 - Article

VL - 151

SP - 10

EP - 20

JO - Landscape and urban planning

JF - Landscape and urban planning

SN - 0169-2046

ER -