How social challenges affect children’s regulation and assignment quality in hypermedia: a process mining study

Cindy Paans*, Erdem Onan, Inge Molenaar, Ludo Verhoeven, Eliane Segers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The present study investigated the extent to which 18 dyads in 5th and 6th grade, who experienced low levels of social challenge, differed from 12 dyads who experience high levels of social challenge in terms of the quality of their written assignment, as well as the frequency and sequential pattern of their cognitive, metacognitive, relational, and off-task activities during a collaborative hypermedia assignment. Sequential analyses were performed by means of process mining with a fuzzy miner algorithm. Results showed that assignment quality was higher for low social challenge dyads. In addition, these more successful dyads showed more cognitive processing activities, more high-cognition, and fewer off-task activities. In terms of their process models, low and high challenge dyads showed marked differences. More specifically, high social challenge dyads showed a vicious cycle of social challenges and off-task behaviors, whereas low social challenge dyads engaged in high-cognition. In addition, for low challenge dyads, but not high challenge dyads, the various metacognitive activities were closely connected to each other. These findings indicate that social challenges not only affect assignment quality, but also fundamentally affect the overall learning process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-213
JournalMetacognition and learning
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Collaborative learning
  • Hypermedia
  • Primary school
  • Process mining
  • SSRL

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