How to bring UHI to the urban planning table? A data-driven modeling approach

Monica Pena Acosta, Faridaddin Vahdatikhaki*, João Santos, Amin Hammad, Andries G. Dorée

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

While temperature rises in urbanized area there is a growing concern among key decision-makers and urban planners to actively incorporate Urban Heat Island (UHI)-related considerations in their development/design. However, given that the existing models (mainly physics-based) are too complex to use, there is a need for an easy-to-use decision support tool that provides an explicit understanding of the contributions of different urban planning decision-making parameters on UHI. To this end, this research uses publicly available data to develop a data-driven methodology that mines explicit rules about the correlation between socio-economic and urban morphology features and UHI at a street-level. By implementing a tree-regression approach, five distinct categories of potential UHI were identified. These categories represent five levels of UHI, from low to high, where explicit thresholds are identified for each feature. The optimal model based on accuracy and interpretability is a decision tree (DT), with an accuracy of 93 %. With the results of the case study, it is demonstrated that (1) the proposed methodology leads to an easy-to-use tool that can be implemented by urban planners to investigate the impact of their design choices at the street-level, and (2) the results obtained are consistent with the current body of knowledge, which in turn alleviates the drawbacks of traditional methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102948
JournalSustainable Cities and Society
Volume71
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Decision trees
  • Urban decision making
  • Urban heat island
  • Data-driven modeling

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