Model systems with defined genetic modifications are powerful tools for basic research and translational disease modelling. Fortunately, generating state-of-the-art genetic model systems is becoming more accessible to non-geneticists due to advances in genome editing technologies. As a consequence, solely relying on (transient) overexpression of (mutant) effector proteins is no longer recommended since scientific standards increasingly demand genetic modification of endogenous loci. In this review, we provide up-to-date guidelines with respect to homology-directed repair (HDR)-mediated editing of mammalian model systems, aimed at assisting researchers in designing an efficient genome editing strategy.
- Genome editing
- Gene tagging