How to Earn Money with an EMI Problem: Static Energy Meters Running Backwards

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Abstract

The increased use of non-linear appliances in households has resulted in several conducted electromagnetic interference issues, such as misreadings of static energy meters used for billing purposes of the households' energy consumption. In this paper a case is presented where a static energy meter indicates a power generation, while power is actually being consumed. A perceived power generation of more than 430 W is measured by a static energy meter installed in a household when a television with a commercial off the shelf remote controlled switch with dimming functionalities consumed 21 W. The same situation is reproduced in a controlled lab environment, to eliminate possible influences of other appliances in the grid, which confirmed the on-site results. The current waveforms causing this supposed generation of power are investigated and it is observed that the phase firing angle of the current pulse drawn by the load in combination with the commercial off the shelf remote controlled switch affects the metering errors and determines whether the errors indicate a false generation, a too high consumption of power, or no error at all. A combination of the household equipment and a basic unloaded switched mode power supply in conjunction with two remote controlled switches resulted in a perceived power generation of more than 600 W. Having these loads connected for the entire day would counteract the total consumption of an average household and could even "generate" energy, and thus generate money for the consumer.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 10 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Static energy meter
  • Conducted electromagnetic interference
  • non-lineair
  • dimming
  • phase firing angle

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