HTS quasiparticle injection devices with large current gain at 77 K

C.W. Schneider, R. Moerman, D.A. Fuchs, R. Schneider, G.J. Gerritsma, H. Rogalla

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Recent progress on the development of planar QP-injection devices using YBCO and STO as an epitaxial injection barrier will be discussed. The main problem for HTS injection devices is to grow reliably a well defined, ultra-thin tunneling barrier suitable for QP tunneling. For this purpose, we used inverted cylindrical magnetron sputtering to first optimize the smoothness of our YBCO films by controlling tightly an relevant sputtering conditions. We are able to prepare smooth (001) YBCO films on (001) STO substrates on a routine basis with an average roughness varying between 1 and 2 nm. With these flat YBCO films both planar as well as grain boundary junctions were fabricated using epitaxial STO barriers between 2 and 8 nm thick and a 50 nm of Au counter electrode. Planar junctions with 6 nm STO barriers were in most cases fully insulating, in some cases, a current gain of up to 7.4 at 77 K was obtained. For 3 nm STO barriers, the highest current gain was 15 at 81 K. The injection results also show a scaling behavior with junction size. Based on the present materials development and device understanding, we consider a current gain of up to 20 at 77 K possible
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3648-3651
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE transactions on applied superconductivity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999


  • High temperature superconductors
  • Yttrium barium copper oxide
  • Tunneling
  • Sputtering
  • Quadratic programming
  • Substrates
  • Grain boundaries
  • Gold
  • Counting circuits
  • Electrodes


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