Human Computing, Virtual Humans and Artificial Imperfection

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    In this paper we raise the issue whether imperfections, characteristic of human-human communication, should be taken into account when developing virtual humans. We argue that endowing virtual humans with the imperfections of humans can help making them more ‘comfortable’ to interact with. That is, the natural communication of a virtual human should not be restricted to multimodal utterances that are always perfect, both in the sense of form and of content. We illustrate our views with examples from two own applications that we have worked on: the Virtual Dancer, and the Virtual Trainer. In both applications imperfectness helps in keeping the interaction engaging and entertaining.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationICMI '06
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 8th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces
    EditorsF. Quek, Y. Yang
    Place of PublicationNew York, USA
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Print)1-59593-541-X
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    Event8th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces, ICMI 2006 - Banff, Canada
    Duration: 2 Nov 20064 Nov 2006
    Conference number: 8

    Publication series



    Conference8th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces, ICMI 2006
    Abbreviated titleICMI


    • IR-63740
    • METIS-237684
    • EWI-8374

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