Hybrid microporous organosilica membranes for molecular separations made by acid-catalyzed solgel synthesis from bridged silsesquioxane precursors have demonstrated good performance in terms of flux and selectivity and remarkable hydrothermal stability in various pervaporation and gas separation processes. The availability of wide range of α,ω-bis(trialkoxysilyl)alkane and 1,4-bis(triethoxysilyl)benzene precursors allows tuning of membrane properties such as pore size and chemistry. This chapter presents an overview of the synthesis and application of hybrid organosilica microporous membranes in liquid and gas separation processes. After a concise discussion of the history of solgel-derived microporous ceramic membranes for molecular separations, the solgel chemistry of bridged silsesquioxanes and all relevant processing steps needed to obtain a supported microporous films suitable for molecular separations are discussed. The performance of these membranes is correlated with the membrane compositional properties, such as nature, stiffness and length of the bridging group, and details of the solgel process.
|Title of host publication||Handbook of Sol-Gel Science and Technology|
|Editors||Lisa Klein, Mario Aparicio, Andrei Jitianu|
|Place of Publication||Switzerland|
|Number of pages||27|
|Publication status||Published - 11 May 2016|