Hybrid organic inorganic nylon-6/SiO2 nanocomposites: transport properties

M.M. de la Luz Garcia-Curiel, J.N. Barsema, Ramon E. Galindo, Daniele Cangialosi, Javier Garcia-Turiel, W.E. van Zyl, H. Verweij, David H.A. Blank

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37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organic-inorganic hybrid membranes of nanosized SiO2-filled polyamide composites were prepared via film casting and their transport properties were studied. Gas permeation measurements were performed at room temperature, and the membrane exhibited an increase in membrane permeability performance. In contrast to the performance of traditional dense filled polymer systems, the permeability increased with an increased number of nanosilica particles. The nanocomposites were studied using positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS). From the ortho-positronium (o-Ps) lifetime (3), the size of the local free volume (holes) was estimated. The increase in permeability is ascribed to the additional free volume obtained. This is created by the presence of nanoparticles that alter the PA chain packing. Furthermore, wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) patterns revealed that the incorporation of silica induced the structural modification of polymer chains by modifying the degree of crystallinity in comparison with the neat polymer. Polym. Eng. Sci. 44:1240-1246, 2004. © 2004 Society of Plastics Engineers
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)1240-1246
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer engineering and science
Volume44
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • IR-47994
  • METIS-219091

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