Hybrid OTA Chamber for Multi-Directional Testing of Wireless Devices: Plane Wave Spectrum Generator Design and Experimental Demonstration

Oleg A. Iupikov, Pavlo S. Krasov, Andrés Alayón Glazunov, Rob Maaskant, J. Friden, Marianna V. Ivashina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This paper investigates practical implementation aspects of a novel hybrid chamber concept that has been recently introduced for over-the-air testing of wireless devices. The chamber allows to synthesize a spectrum of plane waves (PWs) incident on a device under test from a wide range of angles-of-arrival (AoAs) through exploiting multiple field scattering inside the overmoded waveguide chamber. An optimal design approach for the plane wave spectrum generator (PWSG) array inside the chamber is presented considering: (i) array antenna impedance matching for the desired test zone (TZ) quality and AoAs range; (ii) an operational frequency bandwidth of the test environment and an instantaneous signal bandwidth; and (iii) the impact of the PWSG excitation errors. A robust linearly constrained minimum variance (LCMV) beamformer is formulated to realize the desired test environment over a wide frequency band, while accounting for the varying number of the waveguide propagating modes as excited by the PWSG array. Numerical simulations and measurements with the first prototype of the hybrid chamber for FR1 frequency band (~3.5 GHz) are presented. This prototype includes a 7 × 7 bowtie antenna element PWSG array, a 1.00 × 1.25 × 1.75 m metal waveguide chamber, an off-line optimal array beamforming setup, and a planar scanner for the TZ characterization.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE transactions on antennas and propagation
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 24 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • 22/2 OA procedure

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