@book{11ff8b69d39d44e7963ac2cbfc0bfd5b,

title = "Hydraulic flow through a contraction: multiple steady states",

abstract = "We consider shallow water flows through a channel with a contraction by experimental and theoretical means. The horizontal channel consists of a sluice gate and an upstream channel of constant width $b_0$ ending in a linear contraction of minimum width $b_c$. Experimentally, we observe upstream steady and moving bores/shocks, and oblique waves in the contraction, as single and multiple steady states, as well as a steady reservoir with a two-dimensional hydraulic jump in the contraction occurring in a small section of the $b_c/b_0$ and Froude number parameter plane. Inviscid one-dimensional hydraulic theory provides a comprehensive leading-order explanation, but quadratic friction is required to achieve quantitative agreement and stability.",

keywords = "IR-66989, METIS-242054, EWI-9460",

author = "B. Akers and Onno Bokhove",

year = "2007",

month = "2",

language = "Undefined",

publisher = "University of Twente, Department of Applied Mathematics",

number = "2/1825",

}