Hydrodynamic interactions and Brownian forces in colloidal suspensions: coarse-graing over time and length scales

J.T. Padding, A.A. Louis

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    290 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    We describe in detail how to implement a coarse-grained hybrid molecular dynamics and stochastic rotation dynamics simulation technique that captures the combined effects of Brownian and hydrodynamic forces in colloidal suspensions. The importance of carefully tuning the simulation parameters to correctly resolve the multiple time and length scales of this problem is emphasized. We systematically analyze how our coarse-graining scheme resolves dimensionless hydrodynamic numbers such as the Reynolds number Re, which indicates the importance of inertial effects, the Schmidt number Sc, which indicates whether momentum transport is liquidlike or gaslike, the Mach number, which measures compressibility effects, the Knudsen number, which describes the importance of noncontinuum molecular effects, and the Peclet number, which describes the relative effects of convective and diffusive transport. With these dimensionless numbers in the correct regime the many Brownian and hydrodynamic time scales can be telescoped together to maximize computational efficiency while still correctly resolving the physically relevant processes. We also show how to control a number of numerical artifacts, such as finite-size effects and solvent-induced attractive depletion interactions. When all these considerations are properly taken into account, the measured colloidal velocity autocorrelation functions and related self-diffusion and friction coefficients compare quantitatively with theoretical calculations. By contrast, these calculations demonstrate that, notwithstanding its seductive simplicity, the basic Langevin equation does a remarkably poor job of capturing the decay rate of the velocity autocorrelation function in the colloidal regime, strongly underestimating it at short times and strongly overestimating it at long times. Finally, we discuss in detail how to map the parameters of our method onto physical systems and from this extract more general lessons—keeping in mind that there is no such thing as a free lunch—that may be relevant for other coarse-graining schemes such as lattice Boltzmann or dissipative particle dynamics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number031402
    Number of pages29
    JournalPhysical review E: Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics
    Volume74
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

    Fingerprint

    Colloidal Suspensions
    Hydrodynamic Interaction
    Length Scale
    colloids
    Time Scales
    hydrodynamics
    Hydrodynamics
    Coarse-graining
    autocorrelation
    interactions
    Autocorrelation Function
    Dimensionless
    Resolve
    compressibility effects
    dimensionless numbers
    Schmidt number
    Knudsen flow
    Peclet number
    Dissipative Particle Dynamics
    Knudsen number

    Keywords

    • IR-59076
    • METIS-234341

    Cite this

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    title = "Hydrodynamic interactions and Brownian forces in colloidal suspensions: coarse-graing over time and length scales",
    abstract = "We describe in detail how to implement a coarse-grained hybrid molecular dynamics and stochastic rotation dynamics simulation technique that captures the combined effects of Brownian and hydrodynamic forces in colloidal suspensions. The importance of carefully tuning the simulation parameters to correctly resolve the multiple time and length scales of this problem is emphasized. We systematically analyze how our coarse-graining scheme resolves dimensionless hydrodynamic numbers such as the Reynolds number Re, which indicates the importance of inertial effects, the Schmidt number Sc, which indicates whether momentum transport is liquidlike or gaslike, the Mach number, which measures compressibility effects, the Knudsen number, which describes the importance of noncontinuum molecular effects, and the Peclet number, which describes the relative effects of convective and diffusive transport. With these dimensionless numbers in the correct regime the many Brownian and hydrodynamic time scales can be telescoped together to maximize computational efficiency while still correctly resolving the physically relevant processes. We also show how to control a number of numerical artifacts, such as finite-size effects and solvent-induced attractive depletion interactions. When all these considerations are properly taken into account, the measured colloidal velocity autocorrelation functions and related self-diffusion and friction coefficients compare quantitatively with theoretical calculations. By contrast, these calculations demonstrate that, notwithstanding its seductive simplicity, the basic Langevin equation does a remarkably poor job of capturing the decay rate of the velocity autocorrelation function in the colloidal regime, strongly underestimating it at short times and strongly overestimating it at long times. Finally, we discuss in detail how to map the parameters of our method onto physical systems and from this extract more general lessons—keeping in mind that there is no such thing as a free lunch—that may be relevant for other coarse-graining schemes such as lattice Boltzmann or dissipative particle dynamics.",
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    language = "English",
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    Hydrodynamic interactions and Brownian forces in colloidal suspensions : coarse-graing over time and length scales. / Padding, J.T.; Louis, A.A.

    In: Physical review E: Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics, Vol. 74, No. 3, 031402, 2006.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Hydrodynamic interactions and Brownian forces in colloidal suspensions

    T2 - coarse-graing over time and length scales

    AU - Padding, J.T.

    AU - Louis, A.A.

    PY - 2006

    Y1 - 2006

    N2 - We describe in detail how to implement a coarse-grained hybrid molecular dynamics and stochastic rotation dynamics simulation technique that captures the combined effects of Brownian and hydrodynamic forces in colloidal suspensions. The importance of carefully tuning the simulation parameters to correctly resolve the multiple time and length scales of this problem is emphasized. We systematically analyze how our coarse-graining scheme resolves dimensionless hydrodynamic numbers such as the Reynolds number Re, which indicates the importance of inertial effects, the Schmidt number Sc, which indicates whether momentum transport is liquidlike or gaslike, the Mach number, which measures compressibility effects, the Knudsen number, which describes the importance of noncontinuum molecular effects, and the Peclet number, which describes the relative effects of convective and diffusive transport. With these dimensionless numbers in the correct regime the many Brownian and hydrodynamic time scales can be telescoped together to maximize computational efficiency while still correctly resolving the physically relevant processes. We also show how to control a number of numerical artifacts, such as finite-size effects and solvent-induced attractive depletion interactions. When all these considerations are properly taken into account, the measured colloidal velocity autocorrelation functions and related self-diffusion and friction coefficients compare quantitatively with theoretical calculations. By contrast, these calculations demonstrate that, notwithstanding its seductive simplicity, the basic Langevin equation does a remarkably poor job of capturing the decay rate of the velocity autocorrelation function in the colloidal regime, strongly underestimating it at short times and strongly overestimating it at long times. Finally, we discuss in detail how to map the parameters of our method onto physical systems and from this extract more general lessons—keeping in mind that there is no such thing as a free lunch—that may be relevant for other coarse-graining schemes such as lattice Boltzmann or dissipative particle dynamics.

    AB - We describe in detail how to implement a coarse-grained hybrid molecular dynamics and stochastic rotation dynamics simulation technique that captures the combined effects of Brownian and hydrodynamic forces in colloidal suspensions. The importance of carefully tuning the simulation parameters to correctly resolve the multiple time and length scales of this problem is emphasized. We systematically analyze how our coarse-graining scheme resolves dimensionless hydrodynamic numbers such as the Reynolds number Re, which indicates the importance of inertial effects, the Schmidt number Sc, which indicates whether momentum transport is liquidlike or gaslike, the Mach number, which measures compressibility effects, the Knudsen number, which describes the importance of noncontinuum molecular effects, and the Peclet number, which describes the relative effects of convective and diffusive transport. With these dimensionless numbers in the correct regime the many Brownian and hydrodynamic time scales can be telescoped together to maximize computational efficiency while still correctly resolving the physically relevant processes. We also show how to control a number of numerical artifacts, such as finite-size effects and solvent-induced attractive depletion interactions. When all these considerations are properly taken into account, the measured colloidal velocity autocorrelation functions and related self-diffusion and friction coefficients compare quantitatively with theoretical calculations. By contrast, these calculations demonstrate that, notwithstanding its seductive simplicity, the basic Langevin equation does a remarkably poor job of capturing the decay rate of the velocity autocorrelation function in the colloidal regime, strongly underestimating it at short times and strongly overestimating it at long times. Finally, we discuss in detail how to map the parameters of our method onto physical systems and from this extract more general lessons—keeping in mind that there is no such thing as a free lunch—that may be relevant for other coarse-graining schemes such as lattice Boltzmann or dissipative particle dynamics.

    KW - IR-59076

    KW - METIS-234341

    U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.74.031402

    DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.74.031402

    M3 - Article

    VL - 74

    JO - Physical review E: covering statistical, nonlinear, biological, and soft matter physics

    JF - Physical review E: covering statistical, nonlinear, biological, and soft matter physics

    SN - 2470-0045

    IS - 3

    M1 - 031402

    ER -