Hydrologic homogeneous regions using monthly streamflow in Turkey

Ercan Kahya, M.C. Demirel, Osman A. Beg

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Cluster analysis of gauged streamflow records into homogeneous and robust regions is an important tool for the characterization of hydrologic systems. In this paper we applied the hierarchical cluster analysis to the task of objectively classifying streamflow data into regions encompassing similar streamflow patterns over Turkey. The performance of three standardization techniques was also tested, and standardizing by range was found better than standardizing with zero mean and unit variance. Clustering was carried out using Ward’s minimum variance method which became prominent in managing water resources with squared Euclidean dissimilarity measures on 80 streamflow stations. The stations have natural flow regimes where no intensive river regulation had occurred. A general conclusion drawn is that the zones having similar streamflow pattern were not be overlapped well with the conventional climate zones of Turkey; however, they are coherent with the climate zones of Turkey recently redefined by the cluster analysis to total precipitation data as well as homogenous streamflow zones of Turkey determined by the rotated principal component analysis. The regional streamflow information in this study can significantly improve the accuracy of flow predictions in ungauged watersheds.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)181-193
Number of pages13
JournalEarth sciences research journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • streamflow
  • METIS-252891
  • regionalization
  • homogeneous region
  • Cluster analysis
  • Turkey
  • Ward’s method
  • IR-67899

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