Hydrothermally Treated Lignin as a Sustainable Biobased Filler for Rubber Compounds

Priyanka Sekar*, Jacques W.M. Noordermeer, Rafal Anyszka, Hubert Gojzewski, Jacob Podschun, Anke Blume

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
109 Downloads (Pure)


Increasing emphasis in the rubber world on the production of environmentally friendly products has created a demand for alternative reinforcing fillers. Industrial lignin side-stream of lignocellulosic biomass has gained significant interest in this respect due to its abundancy and eco-friendly nature. In the present study, a recently developed, biobased hydrothermally treated (HTT) lignin was investigated as a potential functional filler for a solution styrene butadiene and butadiene rubber blend. Commercial reinforcing fillers N330 carbon black and ULTRASIL 7000 precipitated silica were used as references. Bis(triethoxy silylpropyl)tetrasulfide silane was used as a coupling agent for in situ surface compatibilization of this hydrothermally treated lignin with the hydrophobic rubber, as is commonly done for hydrophilic silica. The influence of unmodified and silane-modified lignin on the vulcanization, morphological, static and dynamic mechanical properties was investigated and examined with the reference fillers. The overall in-rubber properties exhibited by the silane-modified hydrothermally treated lignin are superior in comparison with those of the unmodified version. In comparison with reference fillers, this modified lignin shows semireinforcing behavior. The reinforcing properties are primarily due to networking of HTT lignin particles with rubber trapped-in or formation of sponge-like HTT lignin textures in the presence of silane, as observed with atomic force microscopy. The present work describes the complex reinforcement phenomena of using a silane as coupling agent for hydrothermally treated lignin and outlines its potential as an alternative rubber reinforcing filler.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2501-2512
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Polymer Materials
Issue number4
Early online date28 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 14 Apr 2023


  • biobased rubber filler
  • bis(triethoxysilylpropyl)tetrasulfide silane coupling agent
  • HTT lignin sponge-like networking
  • hydrothermally treated lignin


Dive into the research topics of 'Hydrothermally Treated Lignin as a Sustainable Biobased Filler for Rubber Compounds'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this