Hysteresis in YHx films observed with in situ measurements

A. Remhof, J.W.J. Kerssemakers, S.J. van der Molen, R. Griessen, Ernst S. Kooij

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Giant hysteretic effects in the YHx hydrogen switchable mirror system are observed between x=1.9 and x=3 in pressure composition isotherms, optical and electrical properties, and mechanical stress. Polycrystalline Y films are studied by simultaneous in situ measurements of electrical resistivity, optical transmittance and x-ray diffractometry. These experiments are linked to optical microscopy of the samples. During hydrogen loading above x=1.9 the films stay in the metallic fcc phase until the optical transmittance reaches its minimum and the electrical resistance curve exhibits a characteristic feature at x=2.1. Upon further loading the system crosses the miscibility gap in which the fcc phase coexists with the hcp phase before hydrogen saturation is reached in the pure hcp phase. While the fcc phase stays at a concentration of x=2.1 in the coexistence region during loading, it remains at a concentration of x=1.9 during unloading. The hysteretic effects observed in optical transmission and electrical resistivity result from the different properties of the low concentration fcc phase YH1.9 and the high concentration fcc phase YH2.1. They can be explained on the basis of the bulk phase diagram if the different stress states during loading and unloading are taken into account. These results contradict earlier interpretations of the hysteresis in thin film YHx, based on nonsimultaneous measurements of the optical and structural properties on different films.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)131-142
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • METIS-206881
  • Optics (see also 3311)Solid state physics (see also 2307)Niet in een andere rubriek onder te brengen
  • IR-43560

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