Identification of movements and postures using wearable sensors for implementation in a bi-hormonal artificial pancreas system

Ben Sawaryn*, Michel Klaassen, Bert-Jan van Beijnum, Hans Zwart, Peter H. Veltink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
67 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Closed loop bi-hormonal artificial pancreas systems, such as the artificial pancreas (AP™) developed by Inreda Diabetic B.V., control blood glucose levels of type 1 diabetes mellitus patients via closed loop regulation. As the AP™ currently does not classify postures and movements to estimate metabolic energy consumption to correct hormone administration levels, considerable improvements to the system can be made. Therefore, this research aimed to investigate the possibility to use the current system to identify several postures and movements. Methods: seven healthy participants took part in an experiment where sequences of postures and movements were performed to train and assess a computationally sparing algorithm. Results: Using accelerometers, one on the hip and two on the abdomen, user-specific models achieved classification accuracies of 86.5% using only the hip sensor and 87.3% when including the abdomen sensors. With additional accelerometers on the sternum and upper leg for identification, 90.0% of the classified postures and movements were correct. Conclusions: The current hardware configuration of the AP™ poses no limitation to the identification of postures and movements. If future research shows that identification can still be done accurately in a daily life setting, this algorithm may be an improvement for the AP™ to sense physical activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5954
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Artificial pancreas
  • Classification algorithms
  • Inertial sensing
  • Movement identification
  • Posture identification
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • Wearable sensors
  • UT-Gold-D


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