Identifying biodiversity hotspots for threatened mammal species in Iran

Azita Farashi, Mitra Shariati Najafabadi, Mahshid Hosseini

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Abstract

Conservation biology has much more attention for biodiversity hot spots than before. In order to recognize the hotspots for Iranian terrestrial mammal species that are listed in any red list, nationally or globally, ten Species Distribution Models (SDMs) have been applied. The SDMs evaluation results based on the TSS and AUC values showed that all ten models of habitat suitability perform significantly better than the random selection for all studied species. According to the results, biodiversity hotspots for threatened mammal species are located in north, west and central of Iran, along the Zagros and Alborz mountain range. Therefore, habitats for threatened mammal species have been limited to small parts of Iran (approximately 27% of the country). These areas are severely fragmented and only 57% of them have been announced protected by the current conservation system. The suggestion is that, as the sustainability of these habitats would strongly depend on maintaining dispersal corridors to facilitate the movement of animals among the habitat fragments, conservation efforts should focus on those hotspots which are not formally protected under conservation laws.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-88
Number of pages18
JournalMammalian Biology
Volume87
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

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Iran
mammal
mammals
biodiversity
biogeography
habitats
habitat
habitat fragmentation
mountains
Biological Sciences
Red List
animals
sustainability
animal
distribution

Keywords

  • Conservation
  • Habitat
  • Model
  • Protected area
  • SDMs
  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE

Cite this

Farashi, Azita ; Shariati Najafabadi, Mitra ; Hosseini, Mahshid. / Identifying biodiversity hotspots for threatened mammal species in Iran. In: Mammalian Biology. 2017 ; Vol. 87. pp. 71-88.
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Identifying biodiversity hotspots for threatened mammal species in Iran. / Farashi, Azita; Shariati Najafabadi, Mitra; Hosseini, Mahshid.

In: Mammalian Biology, Vol. 87, 01.11.2017, p. 71-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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