Manually steering the tip of a flexible endoscope to navigate through an endoluminal path relies on the physician’s dexterity and experience. In this paper we present the realization of a robotic flexible endoscope steering system that uses the endoscopic images to control the tip orientation towards the direction of the lumen. Two image-based control algorithms are investigated, one is based on the optical flow and the other is based on the image intensity. Both are evaluated using simulations in which the endoscope was steered through the lumen. The RMS distance to the lumen center was less than 25% of the lumen width. An experimental setup was built using a standard flexible endoscope, and the image-based control algorithms were used to actuate the wheels of the endoscope for tip steering. Experiments were conducted in an anatomical model to simulate gastroscopy. The image intensity- based algorithm was capable of steering the endoscope tip through an endoluminal path from the mouth to the duodenum accurately. Compared to manual control, the robotically steered endoscope performed 68% better in terms of keeping the lumen centered in the image.
|Publisher||IEEE Robotics and Automation Society|
|Conference||2010 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2010|
|Country||Taiwan, Province of China|
|Period||18/10/10 → 22/10/10|