Impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on short-term outcome in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction during COVID-19 pandemic: insights from the international multicenter ISACS-STEMI registry

Giuseppe De Luca*, Matteo Nardin, Magdy Algowhary, Berat Uguz, Dinaldo C. Oliveira, Vladimir Ganyukov, Zan Zimbakov, Miha Cercek, Lisette Okkels Jensen, Poay Huan Loh, Lucian Calmac, Gerard Roura Ferrer, Alexandre Quadros, Marek Milewski, Fortunato Scotto di Uccio, Clemens von Birgelen, Francesco Versaci, Jurrien Ten Berg, Gianni Casella, Aaron Wong Sung LungPetr Kala, José Luis Díez Gil, Xavier Carrillo, Maurits Dirksen, Victor M. Becerra-Munoz, Michael Kang-Yin Lee, Dafsah Arifa Juzar, Rodrigo de Moura Joaquim, Roberto Paladino, Davor Milicic, Periklis Davlouros, Nikola Bakraceski, Filippo Zilio, Luca Donazzan, Adriaan Kraaijeveld, Gennaro Galasso, Arpad Lux, Lucia Marinucci, Vincenzo Guiducci, Maurizio Menichelli, Alessandra Scoccia, Aylin Hatice Yamac, Kadir Ugur Mert, Xacobe Flores Rios, Tomas Kovarnik, Michal Kidawa, Josè Moreu, Vincent Flavien, Enrico Fabris, Iñigo Lozano Martínez-Luengas, Marco Boccalatte, Francisco Bosa Ojeda, Carlos Arellano-Serrano, Gianluca Caiazzo, Giuseppe Cirrincione, Hsien Li Kao, Juan Sanchis Forés, Luigi Vignali, Helder Pereira, Stephane Manzo, Santiago Ordoñez, Alev Arat Özkan, Bruno Scheller, Heidi Lehtola, Rui Teles, Christos Mantis, Ylitalo Antti, João A. Brum Silveira, Rodrigo Zoni, Ivan Bessonov, Stefano Savonitto, George Kochiadakis, Dimitrios Alexopoulos, Carlos E. Uribe, John Kanakakis, Benjamin Faurie, Gabriele Gabrielli, Alejandro Gutierrez Barrios, Juan Pablo Bachini, Alex Rocha, Frankie Chor Cheung Tam, Alfredo Rodriguez, Antonia Anna Lukito, Veauthyelau Saint-Joy, Gustavo Pessah, Andrea Tuccillo, Giuliana Cortese, Guido Parodi, Mohamed Abed Bouraghda, Elvin Kedhi, Pablo Lamelas, Harry Suryapranata, Monica Verdoia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is projected to become the third cause of mortality worldwide. COPD shares several pathophysiological mechanisms with cardiovascular disease, especially atherosclerosis. However, no definite answers are available on the prognostic role of COPD in the setting of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), especially during COVID-19 pandemic, among patients undergoing primary angioplasty, that is therefore the aim of the current study. Methods: In the ISACS-STEMI COVID-19 registry we included retrospectively patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between March and June of 2019 and 2020 from 109 high-volume primary PCI centers in 4 continents. Results: A total of 15,686 patients were included in this analysis. Of them, 810 (5.2%) subjects had a COPD diagnosis. They were more often elderly and with a more pronounced cardiovascular risk profile. No preminent procedural dissimilarities were noticed except for a lower proportion of dual antiplatelet therapy at discharge among COPD patients (98.9% vs. 98.1%, P = 0.038). With regards to short-term fatal outcomes, both in-hospital and 30-days mortality occurred more frequently among COPD patients, similarly in pre-COVID-19 and COVID-19 era. However, after adjustment for main baseline differences, COPD did not result as independent predictor for in-hospital death (adjusted OR [95% CI] = 0.913[0.658–1.266], P = 0.585) nor for 30-days mortality (adjusted OR [95% CI] = 0.850 [0.620–1.164], P = 0.310). No significant differences were detected in terms of SARS-CoV-2 positivity between the two groups. Conclusion: This is one of the largest studies investigating characteristics and outcome of COPD patients with STEMI undergoing primary angioplasty, especially during COVID pandemic. COPD was associated with significantly higher rates of in-hospital and 30-days mortality. However, this association disappeared after adjustment for baseline characteristics. Furthermore, COPD did not significantly affect SARS-CoV-2 positivity. Trial registration number: NCT 04412655 (2nd June 2020).

Original languageEnglish
Article number207
JournalRespiratory research
Volume23
Issue number1
Early online date15 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 15 Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COPD
  • Mortality
  • STEMI

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