Impact of wind farm wakes on flow structures in and around downstream wind farms

Anja Stieren*, Richard J.A.M. Stevens*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)


We performed large-eddy simulations in a neutral atmospheric boundary layer to study the interaction between two identical wind farms with 72 turbines each. We demonstrate that the wind farm wake created by the upstream farm affects the entire flow in and around the downstream farm. The vertical entrainment fluxes above the downstream wind farm are strengthened, resulting in a faster wind farm wake recovery behind the downstream farm. These findings illustrate that interaction between extended wind farms affects flow structures beyond the wind farm scale. Furthermore, we demonstrate that wind farm wakes can reduce the power production of turbines throughout the downstream wind farms. We additionally observe that a staggered wind farm extracts more energy from the flow and thus creates a stronger wind farm wake than an aligned wind farm.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberE21
Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2022


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