Implantable Body Sensor Network MAC Protocols Using Wake-up Radio – Evaluation in Animal Tissue

Vignesh Raja Karuppiah Ramachandran, B.J. van der Zwaag, Nirvana Meratnia, Paul J.M. Havinga

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)
    79 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Applications of implantable sensor networks in the health-care industry have increased tremendously over the last decade. There are different types of medium access control (MAC) protocols that are designed for implantable body sensor networks, using different physical layer technologies such as narrow band, ultra wide-band, human body communication, and ultrasound with an innovative low power access technology called wake-up radio (WuR). The WuR operates alongside the main radio either in the same frequency or different frequency, with much lower power and reduced hardware components than main radio. In this article we analyze the impact of WuR on commonly used MAC protocols and evaluate three MAC protocols with WuR using real hardware implanted in animal tissue and compare them with three other MAC protocols without WuR. The hardware implantable board is embedded with a micro-processor, wireless communication unit and is subcutaneously implanted under the skin of the animal tissue. Five nodes with one of them being the central controller connected in star topology are used for evaluation. Energy efficiency, reliability in terms of packet loss ratio, and end-to-end delay for each node are considered as the evaluation criteria.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015
    PublisherIEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
    Pages88-92
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-8072-7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015
    Event9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015 - Kamakura, Japan
    Duration: 24 Mar 201526 Mar 2015
    Conference number: 9

    Conference

    Conference9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015
    Abbreviated titleISMICT
    CountryJapan
    CityKamakura
    Period24/03/1526/03/15

    Keywords

    • EWI-25806
    • METIS-312514
    • IR-95919

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