Implantable Body Sensor Network MAC Protocols Using Wake-up Radio – Evaluation in Animal Tissue

Vignesh Raja Karuppiah Ramachandran, B.J. van der Zwaag, Nirvana Meratnia, Paul J.M. Havinga

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
59 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Applications of implantable sensor networks in the health-care industry have increased tremendously over the last decade. There are different types of medium access control (MAC) protocols that are designed for implantable body sensor networks, using different physical layer technologies such as narrow band, ultra wide-band, human body communication, and ultrasound with an innovative low power access technology called wake-up radio (WuR). The WuR operates alongside the main radio either in the same frequency or different frequency, with much lower power and reduced hardware components than main radio. In this article we analyze the impact of WuR on commonly used MAC protocols and evaluate three MAC protocols with WuR using real hardware implanted in animal tissue and compare them with three other MAC protocols without WuR. The hardware implantable board is embedded with a micro-processor, wireless communication unit and is subcutaneously implanted under the skin of the animal tissue. Five nodes with one of them being the central controller connected in star topology are used for evaluation. Energy efficiency, reliability in terms of packet loss ratio, and end-to-end delay for each node are considered as the evaluation criteria.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015
PublisherIEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Pages88-92
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-8072-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015
Event9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015 - Kamakura, Japan
Duration: 24 Mar 201526 Mar 2015
Conference number: 9

Conference

Conference9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015
Abbreviated titleISMICT
CountryJapan
CityKamakura
Period24/03/1526/03/15

Fingerprint

Body sensor networks
Medium access control
Animals
Tissue
Network protocols
Computer hardware
Communication
Packet loss
Health care
Sensor networks
Stars
Energy efficiency
Skin
Ultrasonics
Topology
Hardware
Controllers

Keywords

  • EWI-25806
  • METIS-312514
  • IR-95919

Cite this

Karuppiah Ramachandran, V. R., van der Zwaag, B. J., Meratnia, N., & Havinga, P. J. M. (2015). Implantable Body Sensor Network MAC Protocols Using Wake-up Radio – Evaluation in Animal Tissue. In Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015 (pp. 88-92). IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISMICT.2015.7107504
Karuppiah Ramachandran, Vignesh Raja ; van der Zwaag, B.J. ; Meratnia, Nirvana ; Havinga, Paul J.M. / Implantable Body Sensor Network MAC Protocols Using Wake-up Radio – Evaluation in Animal Tissue. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2015. pp. 88-92
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Karuppiah Ramachandran, VR, van der Zwaag, BJ, Meratnia, N & Havinga, PJM 2015, Implantable Body Sensor Network MAC Protocols Using Wake-up Radio – Evaluation in Animal Tissue. in Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pp. 88-92, 9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015, Kamakura, Japan, 24/03/15. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISMICT.2015.7107504

Implantable Body Sensor Network MAC Protocols Using Wake-up Radio – Evaluation in Animal Tissue. / Karuppiah Ramachandran, Vignesh Raja; van der Zwaag, B.J.; Meratnia, Nirvana; Havinga, Paul J.M.

Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2015. p. 88-92.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Karuppiah Ramachandran VR, van der Zwaag BJ, Meratnia N, Havinga PJM. Implantable Body Sensor Network MAC Protocols Using Wake-up Radio – Evaluation in Animal Tissue. In Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Medical Information and Communication Technology, ISMICT 2015. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. 2015. p. 88-92 https://doi.org/10.1109/ISMICT.2015.7107504