In this paper, we discuss a CFD model to predict vapor condensation on walls in the presence of non-condensable gases, with a specific focus on large scale applications, such as accidental flows in a nuclear reactor containment. It is conclusive from the previous works that the heat and mass transport resistance due to the diffusion boundary layer in the gas phase overwhelms the liquid film thermal resistance. Therefore, the two-phase wall condensation phenomenon is treated with a single-phase (gas) model. For the numerical implementation, the containmentFOAM CFD package, based on OpenFOAM is used. For the first time, the model implementation is discussed for arbitrary multi-component mixtures, and performances of two commonly used approaches – Volumetric source terms and Face-fluxes – are compared; the Face-flux model proved to be more accurate, computationally cheaper, and less grid-dependent. Concluding, the Face-flux approach was validated against the experimental database for forced convection flows, obtained at the SETCOM facility in Forschungzentrum Jülich, Germany. The results demonstrate the model's predictiveness and robustness for a wide range of cases in the forced convection regime.
|Journal||Applied thermal engineering|
|Early online date||7 Jan 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Mar 2021|