Implementing cargo movement into climate based risk assessment of vector-borne diseases

Stephanie Margarete Thomas*, N.B. Tjaden, S. van den Bos, C. Beierkuhnlein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


During the last decades the disease vector Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) has rapidly spread around the globe. Global shipment of goods contributes to its permanent introduction. Invaded regions are facing novel and serious public health concerns, especially regarding the transmission of formerly non-endemic arboviruses such as dengue and chikungunya. The further development and potential spread to other regions depends largely on their climatic suitability. Here, we have developed a tool for identifying and prioritizing European areas at risk for the establishment of Aedes albopictus by taking into account, for the first time, the freight imports from this mosquito’s endemic countries and the climate suitability at harbors and their surrounding regions. In a second step we consider the further transport of containers by train and inland waterways because these types of transport can be well controlled. We identify European regions at risk, where a huge amount of transported goods meet climatically suitable conditions for the disease vector. The current and future suitability of the climate for Aedes albopictus was modeled by a correlative niche model approach and the Regional Climate Model COSMO-CLM. This risk assessment combines impacts of globalization and global warming to improve effective and proactive interventions in disease vector surveillance and control actions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3360-3374
Number of pages14
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Asian tiger mosquito
  • Aedes albopictus
  • global change
  • Globalization
  • global warming
  • health hazards
  • invasive species
  • GeoHealth
  • geo-health
  • risk mapping
  • Cargo movement
  • ITC-CV


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