Improving environmental policy enforcement

Vera Vikolainen, Theo de Bruijn, Hans Bressers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Enforcement is a crucial final step in any policy process, including environmental policies. Ideally policy formulation is subsequently implemented and enforced. Enforcement is needed to make sure that the envisioned effects are realized in the end. The questions we put forward in this paper are what the meaning of enforcement is; how enforcement can be put on the political and administrative agenda; what difficulties are to be countered when strengthening enforcement at the local level. We build upon two studies. One is an evaluation of a national action program on enforcement. The other one is a study on a municipal strategy on enforcement. Strengthening enforcement practices is however an uphill battle. It needs to be implemented within current organizational and political structures and it needs constant attention. In the end, a combination of structural and cultural measures will most likely be most effective.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1637-1643
JournalEnvironmental engineering and management journal
Volume12
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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environmental policy
enforcement

Keywords

  • METIS-300850
  • IR-88659

Cite this

Vikolainen, Vera ; de Bruijn, Theo ; Bressers, Hans. / Improving environmental policy enforcement. In: Environmental engineering and management journal. 2013 ; Vol. 12, No. 8. pp. 1637-1643.
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Improving environmental policy enforcement. / Vikolainen, Vera; de Bruijn, Theo; Bressers, Hans.

In: Environmental engineering and management journal, Vol. 12, No. 8, 2013, p. 1637-1643.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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