Improving requirements engineering by artefact orientation

Daniel Méndez Fernández, Roelf J. Wieringa

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)
    26 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    The importance of continuously improving requirements engineering (RE) has been recognised for many years. Similar to available software process improvement approaches, most RE improvement approaches focus on a normative and solution-driven assessment of companies rather than on a problem-driven RE improvement. The approaches dictate the implementation of a one-size-fits-all reference model without doing a proper problem investigation first, whereas the notion of quality factually depends on whether RE achieves company-specific goals. The approaches furthermore propagate process areas and methods, without proper awareness of the quality in the created artefacts on which the quality of many development phases rely. Little knowledge exists about how to conduct a problem-driven RE improvement that gives attention to the improvement of the artefacts. A promising solution is to start an improvement with an empirical investigation of the RE stakeholders, goals, and artefacts in the company to identify problems while abstracting from inherently complex processes. The RE improvement is then defined and implemented in joint action research workshops with the stakeholders to validate potential solutions while again concentrating on the artefacts. In this paper, we contribute an artefact-based, problem-driven RE improvement approach that emerged from a series of completed RE improvements. We discuss lessons learnt and present first result from an ongoing empirical evaluation at a German company. Our results suggest that our approach supports process engineers in a problem-driven RE improvement, but we need deeper examination of the resulting RE company standard, which is in scope of the final evaluation.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publication14th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement, PROFES 2013
    Place of PublicationLondon
    PublisherSpringer
    Pages108-122
    Number of pages15
    ISBN (Print)978-3-642-39258-0
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    Event14th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement, PROFES 2013 - Azia Resort and Spa, Paphos, Cyprus
    Duration: 12 Jun 201314 Jun 2013
    Conference number: 14
    https://profes2013.cs.ucy.ac.cy/

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
    PublisherSpringer Verlag
    Volume7983

    Conference

    Conference14th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement, PROFES 2013
    Abbreviated titlePROFES
    CountryCyprus
    CityPaphos
    Period12/06/1314/06/13
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • SCS-Services
    • IS-Design science methodology
    • EWI-23414
    • Empirical Design Science
    • IR-87973
    • Software Process Improvement
    • Artefact Orientation
    • METIS-299967
    • Requirements Engineering

    Cite this

    Méndez Fernández, D., & Wieringa, R. J. (2013). Improving requirements engineering by artefact orientation. In 14th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement, PROFES 2013 (pp. 108-122). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 7983). London: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39259-7_11
    Méndez Fernández, Daniel ; Wieringa, Roelf J. / Improving requirements engineering by artefact orientation. 14th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement, PROFES 2013. London : Springer, 2013. pp. 108-122 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).
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    abstract = "The importance of continuously improving requirements engineering (RE) has been recognised for many years. Similar to available software process improvement approaches, most RE improvement approaches focus on a normative and solution-driven assessment of companies rather than on a problem-driven RE improvement. The approaches dictate the implementation of a one-size-fits-all reference model without doing a proper problem investigation first, whereas the notion of quality factually depends on whether RE achieves company-specific goals. The approaches furthermore propagate process areas and methods, without proper awareness of the quality in the created artefacts on which the quality of many development phases rely. Little knowledge exists about how to conduct a problem-driven RE improvement that gives attention to the improvement of the artefacts. A promising solution is to start an improvement with an empirical investigation of the RE stakeholders, goals, and artefacts in the company to identify problems while abstracting from inherently complex processes. The RE improvement is then defined and implemented in joint action research workshops with the stakeholders to validate potential solutions while again concentrating on the artefacts. In this paper, we contribute an artefact-based, problem-driven RE improvement approach that emerged from a series of completed RE improvements. We discuss lessons learnt and present first result from an ongoing empirical evaluation at a German company. Our results suggest that our approach supports process engineers in a problem-driven RE improvement, but we need deeper examination of the resulting RE company standard, which is in scope of the final evaluation.",
    keywords = "SCS-Services, IS-Design science methodology, EWI-23414, Empirical Design Science, IR-87973, Software Process Improvement, Artefact Orientation, METIS-299967, Requirements Engineering",
    author = "{M{\'e}ndez Fern{\'a}ndez}, Daniel and Wieringa, {Roelf J.}",
    note = "10.1007/978-3-642-39259-7_11",
    year = "2013",
    doi = "10.1007/978-3-642-39259-7_11",
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    isbn = "978-3-642-39258-0",
    series = "Lecture Notes in Computer Science",
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    Méndez Fernández, D & Wieringa, RJ 2013, Improving requirements engineering by artefact orientation. in 14th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement, PROFES 2013. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 7983, Springer, London, pp. 108-122, 14th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement, PROFES 2013, Paphos, Cyprus, 12/06/13. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39259-7_11

    Improving requirements engineering by artefact orientation. / Méndez Fernández, Daniel; Wieringa, Roelf J.

    14th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement, PROFES 2013. London : Springer, 2013. p. 108-122 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 7983).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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    AB - The importance of continuously improving requirements engineering (RE) has been recognised for many years. Similar to available software process improvement approaches, most RE improvement approaches focus on a normative and solution-driven assessment of companies rather than on a problem-driven RE improvement. The approaches dictate the implementation of a one-size-fits-all reference model without doing a proper problem investigation first, whereas the notion of quality factually depends on whether RE achieves company-specific goals. The approaches furthermore propagate process areas and methods, without proper awareness of the quality in the created artefacts on which the quality of many development phases rely. Little knowledge exists about how to conduct a problem-driven RE improvement that gives attention to the improvement of the artefacts. A promising solution is to start an improvement with an empirical investigation of the RE stakeholders, goals, and artefacts in the company to identify problems while abstracting from inherently complex processes. The RE improvement is then defined and implemented in joint action research workshops with the stakeholders to validate potential solutions while again concentrating on the artefacts. In this paper, we contribute an artefact-based, problem-driven RE improvement approach that emerged from a series of completed RE improvements. We discuss lessons learnt and present first result from an ongoing empirical evaluation at a German company. Our results suggest that our approach supports process engineers in a problem-driven RE improvement, but we need deeper examination of the resulting RE company standard, which is in scope of the final evaluation.

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    KW - METIS-299967

    KW - Requirements Engineering

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    Méndez Fernández D, Wieringa RJ. Improving requirements engineering by artefact orientation. In 14th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement, PROFES 2013. London: Springer. 2013. p. 108-122. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39259-7_11