Improving the health care sector with a happiness-based approach

Laura Anne Weiss, S. Kedzia, A.A. Francissen, Gerben Johan Westerhof

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Traditionally, welfare states in Western Europe and their health care systems focused on the problems of individual citizens. Similarly, academic disciplines paid greater attention to what is going wrong than on what is going right. Nowadays the focus is shifting. It has been argued that it is important to complement the traditional approach of the prevention and treatment of problems with a new goal: the promotion of well-being . People’s strengths, talents and virtues are increasingly recognized as means to help people to stay or become better, prevent chronification of diseases and save costs for society. This new happiness-based approach can be used to find answers to challenges of modern welfare systems . This is especially important for the group of chronically ill persons who get caught in a vicious cycle of worsening functioning and increasing health care. Despite the care they receive, their well-being remains low. We introduce a happiness-based approach to complement the problem-focused approach with the aim of enhancing well-being . We describe the Happiness Route as one of the few theory-based interventions where the happiness-based approach is currently applied. The Happiness Route intends to increase emotional, psychological and social well-being of socially isolated people with low socioeconomic status and chronic illnesses. The intervention builds on positive psychology (in particular self-determination theory) and behavioural economics (in particular nudging). Participants are nudged to find and carry out an intrinsically motivated activity that supports them in fulfilling basic psychological needs of autonomy, relatedness, and competence. We will discuss findings of pilot studies as well as conditions for a successful implementation. One pilot study showed that participants’ well-being increased and health care consumption decreased. Now a randomized controlled field study is being carried out to evaluate the effect of the Happiness Route . We conclude that the happiness-based approach is an innovative way to improve the health care sector. It is both important and possible to promote well-being in order to achieve a flourishing population
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWell-being in contemporary society
EditorsJ.H. Soraker, J.-W. van der Rijt, J. Boer, P. Brey, P.H. Wong
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
PublisherSpringer
Pages59-71
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-06458-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NameHappiness Studies Book Series
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number3

Fingerprint

Happiness
Health Care Sector
Psychology
Delivery of Health Care
Chronic Disease
Behavioral Economics
Personal Autonomy
Cost of Illness
Aptitude
Social Class
Mental Competency
Population

Keywords

  • IR-92733
  • METIS-306627

Cite this

Weiss, L. A., Kedzia, S., Francissen, A. A., & Westerhof, G. J. (2015). Improving the health care sector with a happiness-based approach. In J. H. Soraker, J-W. van der Rijt, J. Boer, P. Brey, & P. H. Wong (Eds.), Well-being in contemporary society (pp. 59-71). (Happiness Studies Book Series; No. 3). Switzerland: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-06459-8_4
Weiss, Laura Anne ; Kedzia, S. ; Francissen, A.A. ; Westerhof, Gerben Johan. / Improving the health care sector with a happiness-based approach. Well-being in contemporary society. editor / J.H. Soraker ; J.-W. van der Rijt ; J. Boer ; P. Brey ; P.H. Wong. Switzerland : Springer, 2015. pp. 59-71 (Happiness Studies Book Series; 3).
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Weiss, LA, Kedzia, S, Francissen, AA & Westerhof, GJ 2015, Improving the health care sector with a happiness-based approach. in JH Soraker, J-W van der Rijt, J Boer, P Brey & PH Wong (eds), Well-being in contemporary society. Happiness Studies Book Series, no. 3, Springer, Switzerland, pp. 59-71. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-06459-8_4

Improving the health care sector with a happiness-based approach. / Weiss, Laura Anne; Kedzia, S.; Francissen, A.A.; Westerhof, Gerben Johan.

Well-being in contemporary society. ed. / J.H. Soraker; J.-W. van der Rijt; J. Boer; P. Brey; P.H. Wong. Switzerland : Springer, 2015. p. 59-71 (Happiness Studies Book Series; No. 3).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Improving the health care sector with a happiness-based approach

AU - Weiss, Laura Anne

AU - Kedzia, S.

AU - Francissen, A.A.

AU - Westerhof, Gerben Johan

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Traditionally, welfare states in Western Europe and their health care systems focused on the problems of individual citizens. Similarly, academic disciplines paid greater attention to what is going wrong than on what is going right. Nowadays the focus is shifting. It has been argued that it is important to complement the traditional approach of the prevention and treatment of problems with a new goal: the promotion of well-being . People’s strengths, talents and virtues are increasingly recognized as means to help people to stay or become better, prevent chronification of diseases and save costs for society. This new happiness-based approach can be used to find answers to challenges of modern welfare systems . This is especially important for the group of chronically ill persons who get caught in a vicious cycle of worsening functioning and increasing health care. Despite the care they receive, their well-being remains low. We introduce a happiness-based approach to complement the problem-focused approach with the aim of enhancing well-being . We describe the Happiness Route as one of the few theory-based interventions where the happiness-based approach is currently applied. The Happiness Route intends to increase emotional, psychological and social well-being of socially isolated people with low socioeconomic status and chronic illnesses. The intervention builds on positive psychology (in particular self-determination theory) and behavioural economics (in particular nudging). Participants are nudged to find and carry out an intrinsically motivated activity that supports them in fulfilling basic psychological needs of autonomy, relatedness, and competence. We will discuss findings of pilot studies as well as conditions for a successful implementation. One pilot study showed that participants’ well-being increased and health care consumption decreased. Now a randomized controlled field study is being carried out to evaluate the effect of the Happiness Route . We conclude that the happiness-based approach is an innovative way to improve the health care sector. It is both important and possible to promote well-being in order to achieve a flourishing population

AB - Traditionally, welfare states in Western Europe and their health care systems focused on the problems of individual citizens. Similarly, academic disciplines paid greater attention to what is going wrong than on what is going right. Nowadays the focus is shifting. It has been argued that it is important to complement the traditional approach of the prevention and treatment of problems with a new goal: the promotion of well-being . People’s strengths, talents and virtues are increasingly recognized as means to help people to stay or become better, prevent chronification of diseases and save costs for society. This new happiness-based approach can be used to find answers to challenges of modern welfare systems . This is especially important for the group of chronically ill persons who get caught in a vicious cycle of worsening functioning and increasing health care. Despite the care they receive, their well-being remains low. We introduce a happiness-based approach to complement the problem-focused approach with the aim of enhancing well-being . We describe the Happiness Route as one of the few theory-based interventions where the happiness-based approach is currently applied. The Happiness Route intends to increase emotional, psychological and social well-being of socially isolated people with low socioeconomic status and chronic illnesses. The intervention builds on positive psychology (in particular self-determination theory) and behavioural economics (in particular nudging). Participants are nudged to find and carry out an intrinsically motivated activity that supports them in fulfilling basic psychological needs of autonomy, relatedness, and competence. We will discuss findings of pilot studies as well as conditions for a successful implementation. One pilot study showed that participants’ well-being increased and health care consumption decreased. Now a randomized controlled field study is being carried out to evaluate the effect of the Happiness Route . We conclude that the happiness-based approach is an innovative way to improve the health care sector. It is both important and possible to promote well-being in order to achieve a flourishing population

KW - IR-92733

KW - METIS-306627

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-06459-8_4

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-06459-8_4

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-3-319-06458-1

T3 - Happiness Studies Book Series

SP - 59

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BT - Well-being in contemporary society

A2 - Soraker, J.H.

A2 - van der Rijt, J.-W.

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A2 - Wong, P.H.

PB - Springer

CY - Switzerland

ER -

Weiss LA, Kedzia S, Francissen AA, Westerhof GJ. Improving the health care sector with a happiness-based approach. In Soraker JH, van der Rijt J-W, Boer J, Brey P, Wong PH, editors, Well-being in contemporary society. Switzerland: Springer. 2015. p. 59-71. (Happiness Studies Book Series; 3). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-06459-8_4