Improving the quiz: Student preparation and confidence as feedback metrics

Pantelis M. Papadopoulos, Antonis Natsis, Nikolaus Obwegeser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)


The study analyzes the potential of different feedback metrics that could improve learning in quiz-based activities. For five consecutive weeks, a group of 91 sophomore students started their classes on Information Systems with a short multiple-choice quiz. The quiz activity was organized into three phases: (a) provide initial response to the questions, (b) view feedback on class activity and revise initial responses, and (c) discuss correct answers and class performance with the teacher. The feedback included information on the percentage of students that selected each choice, on students' self-reported levels of preparation, and their, also self-reported, confidence that their initial responses were correct. The students used an online quiz tool that was developed for the study and were randomly distributed into four groups, according to the type of feedback they received (only percentage; percentage & confidence; percentage & preparation; percentage, confidence, & preparation). Result analysis revealed that students were relying first and foremost on the percentage metric, even in cases where a wrong answer had the highest percentage value. However, statistical analysis also revealed a significant main effect for confidence and preparation metrics in questions where the percentage metric was ambiguous (i.e., several choices with high percentages).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCSEDU 2017 - Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education
EditorsPaula Escudeiro, Susan Zvacek, Bruce M. McLaren, James Uhomoibhi, Gennaro Costagliola
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9789897582394
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education, CSEDU 2017 - Porto, Portugal
Duration: 21 Apr 201723 Apr 2017
Conference number: 9


Conference9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education, CSEDU 2017
Abbreviated titleCSEDU 2017
Internet address


  • Confidence
  • Feedback
  • Formative Assessment
  • Group Awareness
  • Preparation
  • Quiz


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