Improving the Semantic Interoperability of IoT Early Warning Systems: The Port of Valencia Use Case

João Moreira, Luís Ferreira Pires, Marten van Sinderen, Roel Wieringa, Prince Singh, Patrícia Dockhorn Costa, Miguel Llop

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    An early warning system (EWS) is a distributed system that monitors the physical world and issues warnings if it detects abnormal situations. The Internet of Things (IoT) offers opportunities to improve monitoring capabilities of EWS and to realize (near) real-time warning and response. This paper presents the development of an interoperable IoT-based EWS to detect accident risks with trucks that deliver goods at the Valencia port area. Our solution addresses the semantic integration of a variety of data sources with processing in safety-critical applications for effective emergency response. The solution considers existing domain-specific ontologies and standards, along with their serialization formats. Accident risks are assessed by monitoring the drivers’ vital signs with ECG medical wearables and the trucks’ position with speed and accelerometer data. Use cases include the detection of health issues and vehicle collision with dangerous goods. This EWS is developed with the SEMIoTICS framework, which encompasses a model-driven architecture that guides the application of data representations, transformations, and distributed software components. This framework enables an EWS to act as a semantic broker for situation-aware decision support.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEnterprise Interoperability VIII
    Subtitle of host publicationSmart Services and Business Impact of Enterprise Interoperability
    EditorsKeith Popplewell, Klaus-Dieter Thoben, Thomas Knothe, Raúl Poler
    Place of PublicationCham
    Number of pages13
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-13693-2
    ISBN (Print)978-3-030-13692-5
    Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2019
    EventInteroperability for Enterprise Systems and Applications, I-ESA 2018 - Berlin, Germany
    Duration: 22 Mar 201823 Mar 2018

    Publication series

    NameProceedings of the I-ESA Conferences
    ISSN (Print)2199-2533
    ISSN (Electronic)2199-2541


    ConferenceInteroperability for Enterprise Systems and Applications, I-ESA 2018
    Abbreviated titleI-ESA
    Internet address


    • Semantic interoperability
    • Early warning system
    • Internet-of-Things


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