In-Pipe Wireless Communication for Underground Sampling and Testing

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, we present an effective and low- cost wireless communication system for extremely long and narrow pipes that can replay the extant wire system in underground sensor network applications such as soil sampling and testing with the Cone Penetration Test (CPT), the most widely used underground sensor device. Different from existing in-pipe wireless techniques, we consider real-world pipelines that are very narrow and long. In particular, in our design data are first modulated at a commercial frequency and then converted to high frequency, between 14-15 GHz, to be transmitted along of the pipelines under the circular waveguide mode TM01. Especially, we design a cone-shaped antenna to overcome the aligning problem of feeds between the transmitter and receiver. To evaluate the applicability and efficiency of our design, we conduct realistic simulations as well as experiments with real prototypes. The results of experiments are consistent with our theoretical design and simulations and show that our proposed wireless system can transfer sensory data up to 20 m in narrow CPT pipes with a diameter of 17 mm when using the LoRa modulation with a transmitting power of 1 W, whereas existing underground radio techniques can transfer data from a depth of 2 m at maximum in the same condition. In our approach, it is also possible to add repeaters to extend the communication range when needed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference GLOBECOM 2017
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5090-5019-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2017
EventIEEE GLOBECOM 2017: Global Hub: Connecting East and West - Marina Bay Sands Expo and Convention Centre, Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 4 Dec 20178 Dec 2017
http://globecom2017.ieee-globecom.org/

Conference

ConferenceIEEE GLOBECOM 2017
Abbreviated titleGLOBECOM 2017
CountrySingapore
CitySingapore
Period4/12/178/12/17
Internet address

Fingerprint

Pipe
Sampling
Cones
Communication
Testing
Pipelines
Circular waveguides
Telecommunication repeaters
Antenna feeders
Data transfer
Sensor networks
Transmitters
Communication systems
Experiments
Modulation
Wire
Antennas
Soils
Sensors
Costs

Keywords

  • Feeds, Wireless communication, Pipelines, Monitoring, Wireless sensor networks, Transmitting antennas

Cite this

@inproceedings{81d2f021c14d44b1be6c1a567a22b297,
title = "In-Pipe Wireless Communication for Underground Sampling and Testing",
abstract = "In this paper, we present an effective and low- cost wireless communication system for extremely long and narrow pipes that can replay the extant wire system in underground sensor network applications such as soil sampling and testing with the Cone Penetration Test (CPT), the most widely used underground sensor device. Different from existing in-pipe wireless techniques, we consider real-world pipelines that are very narrow and long. In particular, in our design data are first modulated at a commercial frequency and then converted to high frequency, between 14-15 GHz, to be transmitted along of the pipelines under the circular waveguide mode TM01. Especially, we design a cone-shaped antenna to overcome the aligning problem of feeds between the transmitter and receiver. To evaluate the applicability and efficiency of our design, we conduct realistic simulations as well as experiments with real prototypes. The results of experiments are consistent with our theoretical design and simulations and show that our proposed wireless system can transfer sensory data up to 20 m in narrow CPT pipes with a diameter of 17 mm when using the LoRa modulation with a transmitting power of 1 W, whereas existing underground radio techniques can transfer data from a depth of 2 m at maximum in the same condition. In our approach, it is also possible to add repeaters to extend the communication range when needed.",
keywords = "Feeds, Wireless communication, Pipelines, Monitoring, Wireless sensor networks, Transmitting antennas",
author = "Nguyen, {Nhan D.T.} and Le, {Duc V.} and Nirvana Meratnia and Havinga, {Paul J.M.}",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1109/GLOCOM.2017.8254524",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-5090-5020-8",
booktitle = "2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference GLOBECOM 2017",

}

Nguyen, NDT, Le, DV, Meratnia, N & Havinga, PJM 2017, In-Pipe Wireless Communication for Underground Sampling and Testing. in 2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference GLOBECOM 2017. IEEE GLOBECOM 2017, Singapore, Singapore, 4/12/17. https://doi.org/10.1109/GLOCOM.2017.8254524

In-Pipe Wireless Communication for Underground Sampling and Testing. / Nguyen, Nhan D.T.; Le, Duc V.; Meratnia, Nirvana ; Havinga, Paul J.M.

2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference GLOBECOM 2017. 2017.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - In-Pipe Wireless Communication for Underground Sampling and Testing

AU - Nguyen, Nhan D.T.

AU - Le, Duc V.

AU - Meratnia, Nirvana

AU - Havinga, Paul J.M.

PY - 2017/12/15

Y1 - 2017/12/15

N2 - In this paper, we present an effective and low- cost wireless communication system for extremely long and narrow pipes that can replay the extant wire system in underground sensor network applications such as soil sampling and testing with the Cone Penetration Test (CPT), the most widely used underground sensor device. Different from existing in-pipe wireless techniques, we consider real-world pipelines that are very narrow and long. In particular, in our design data are first modulated at a commercial frequency and then converted to high frequency, between 14-15 GHz, to be transmitted along of the pipelines under the circular waveguide mode TM01. Especially, we design a cone-shaped antenna to overcome the aligning problem of feeds between the transmitter and receiver. To evaluate the applicability and efficiency of our design, we conduct realistic simulations as well as experiments with real prototypes. The results of experiments are consistent with our theoretical design and simulations and show that our proposed wireless system can transfer sensory data up to 20 m in narrow CPT pipes with a diameter of 17 mm when using the LoRa modulation with a transmitting power of 1 W, whereas existing underground radio techniques can transfer data from a depth of 2 m at maximum in the same condition. In our approach, it is also possible to add repeaters to extend the communication range when needed.

AB - In this paper, we present an effective and low- cost wireless communication system for extremely long and narrow pipes that can replay the extant wire system in underground sensor network applications such as soil sampling and testing with the Cone Penetration Test (CPT), the most widely used underground sensor device. Different from existing in-pipe wireless techniques, we consider real-world pipelines that are very narrow and long. In particular, in our design data are first modulated at a commercial frequency and then converted to high frequency, between 14-15 GHz, to be transmitted along of the pipelines under the circular waveguide mode TM01. Especially, we design a cone-shaped antenna to overcome the aligning problem of feeds between the transmitter and receiver. To evaluate the applicability and efficiency of our design, we conduct realistic simulations as well as experiments with real prototypes. The results of experiments are consistent with our theoretical design and simulations and show that our proposed wireless system can transfer sensory data up to 20 m in narrow CPT pipes with a diameter of 17 mm when using the LoRa modulation with a transmitting power of 1 W, whereas existing underground radio techniques can transfer data from a depth of 2 m at maximum in the same condition. In our approach, it is also possible to add repeaters to extend the communication range when needed.

KW - Feeds, Wireless communication, Pipelines, Monitoring, Wireless sensor networks, Transmitting antennas

U2 - 10.1109/GLOCOM.2017.8254524

DO - 10.1109/GLOCOM.2017.8254524

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-1-5090-5020-8

BT - 2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference GLOBECOM 2017

ER -