In situ formed vanadium-oxide cathode coatings for selective hydrogen production

Balázs Endrődi*, Vera Smulders, Nina Simic, Mats Wildlock, Guido Mul, Bastian Mei, Ann Cornell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
41 Downloads (Pure)


Electrode selectivity towards hydrogen production is essential in various conversion technologies for renewable energy, as well as in different industrial processes, such as the electrochemical production of sodium chlorate. In this study we present sodium metavanadate as a solution additive, inducing selective cathodic formation of hydrogen in the presence of various other reducible species such as hypochlorite, chlorate, oxygen, nitrate, hydrogen-peroxide and ferricyanide. During electrolysis a vanadium-oxide coating forms from the reduction of sodium metavanadate, explaining the observed enhanced selectivity. The hydrogen evolution reaction proceeds without significantly altered kinetics on such in situ modified electrode surfaces. This suggests that the reaction takes place at the interface between the electrode surface and the protective film, which acts as a diffusion barrier preventing the unwanted species to reach the electrode surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-239
Number of pages7
JournalApplied catalysis B: environmental
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2019


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Chlorate electrolysis
  • Hydrogen evolution reaction
  • Industrial chemistry
  • Overall water splitting
  • Cathode selectivity


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