In vitro compression studies have been performed on layers of porcine skin and fat. The tissue layers have been loaded by means of various indentors. Indentor displacements and interstitial fluid pressures have been measured. The results have been compared to finite element calculations with mixture elements. A qualitative agreement between calculations and measurements is found. The results support the hypothesis that skin and fat behave like solid/fluid mixtures.
Oomens, C. W. J., van Campen, D. H., & Grootenboer, H. J. (1987). In vitro compression of a soft tissue layer on a rigid foundation. Journal of biomechanics, 20(10), 923-935. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9290(87)90321-6