In Vitro Evaluation of Blood Flow Through Autoperfusion Balloon Catheters

Ebo D. Muinck, Paolo Angelini, Kathy Dougherty, Bart Verkerke, Gerhard Rakhorst, René B. van Dijk, Kong I. Lie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The effective flow rates with human blood through an autoperfusion catheter cannot be monitored in vivo and have not been experimentally determined in vitro. The manufacturers (Advanced Cardiovascular Systems [ACS], Temecula, CA) have suggested that ''the flow rate'' through the Stack(TM) over the wire and the RX-60(TM) monorail catheter is 60 ml/min with a pressure gradient of 80 mmHg. We measured human blood flow rates in vitro through these catheters under different continuous pressure regimens (between 40 and 120 mmHg), with varying hematocrit levels (between 25% and 62%). Measured blood flows at a gradient of 80 mmHg were found to vary from 32 to 65 cc/min, with hematocrit levels of 62-25%. Minor variations in the circuitry, besides the viscosity of the medium, cause significant changes in observed flow rates (such as kinking of the catheter and blood sedimentation). In vitro determinations of blood flows cannot automatically be transferred to the in vivo condition, primarily because in vitro determinations do not account for the systolic intramural pressure increase (which may overcome the aortic pressure). If such a phenomenon is also considered, then the in vitro flow rates reported here should be multiplied by a factor of 0.40-0.60 to determine effective in vivo flow rates. Such information is relevant for the clinical operator of angioplasty, especially in the treatment of patients at high risk for undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. (C) 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-62
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1993
Externally publishedYes


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