Including asphalt cooling and rolling regimes in laboratory compaction procedures

Frank Bijleveld, Andries G. Doree

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Given the various changes occurring in the asphalt construction industry, improved process and quality control is becoming essential. The significance of appropriate rolling and compaction for the quality of asphalt is widely acknowledged and vital for improved process control. But what constitutes appropriate rolling and what are appropriate instructions for operators? Existing laboratory procedures generate a single compaction temperature based on binder viscosity. However, in practice, roller operators choose various windows in terms of both time and temperature for compaction activities. This makes it difficult to design the compaction process and give proper instructions to operators. This research project has aimed to (1) develop laboratory compaction procedures that take account of asphalt cooling during compaction and (2) determine the effects of different compaction strategies on the asphalt quality. Field compaction processes for two mixtures, an AC 16 base/bind and SMA 11 surf, were simulated in the laboratory using different temperature windows and applying different rolling regimes using a slab compactor and a 2.5 ton roller to produce 500 mm square slabs. The resultant densities and Indirect Tensile Strengths (dry and retained) were assessed based on 16 cores drilled from each slab. The experimental results show that it can be important to design rolling strategies within clearly defined temperature windows. If an SMA 11 surf is compacted outside the optimal temperature window, or using a sub-optimal rolling strategy, the density may drop by 30 kg/m3 and the Indirect Tensile Strength fall by up to 10%. Such experimental results are vital if one is to design appropriate rolling regimes and give appropriate instructions to roller operators. Also, the results can help to close the gap between field processes and laboratory compaction techniques. Overall, the results reflect a valuable step in the quest toward improved process and quality control.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the international society for asphalt pavements (ISAP) conference, 1-5 June 2014, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
Editors Kim
Place of PublicationLondon, UK
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Pages177-188
ISBN (Print)978-1-138-02693-3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2014

Publication series

Name
PublisherTaylor & Francis

Fingerprint

Asphalt
Compaction
Cooling
Process control
Quality control
Tensile strength
Temperature
Construction industry
Binders
Viscosity

Keywords

  • IR-94455
  • METIS-307900

Cite this

Bijleveld, F., & Doree, A. G. (2014). Including asphalt cooling and rolling regimes in laboratory compaction procedures. In Kim (Ed.), Proceedings of the international society for asphalt pavements (ISAP) conference, 1-5 June 2014, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA (pp. 177-188). London, UK: Taylor & Francis.
Bijleveld, Frank ; Doree, Andries G. / Including asphalt cooling and rolling regimes in laboratory compaction procedures. Proceedings of the international society for asphalt pavements (ISAP) conference, 1-5 June 2014, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA. editor / Kim. London, UK : Taylor & Francis, 2014. pp. 177-188
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Bijleveld, F & Doree, AG 2014, Including asphalt cooling and rolling regimes in laboratory compaction procedures. in Kim (ed.), Proceedings of the international society for asphalt pavements (ISAP) conference, 1-5 June 2014, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA. Taylor & Francis, London, UK, pp. 177-188.

Including asphalt cooling and rolling regimes in laboratory compaction procedures. / Bijleveld, Frank; Doree, Andries G.

Proceedings of the international society for asphalt pavements (ISAP) conference, 1-5 June 2014, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA. ed. / Kim. London, UK : Taylor & Francis, 2014. p. 177-188.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Given the various changes occurring in the asphalt construction industry, improved process and quality control is becoming essential. The significance of appropriate rolling and compaction for the quality of asphalt is widely acknowledged and vital for improved process control. But what constitutes appropriate rolling and what are appropriate instructions for operators? Existing laboratory procedures generate a single compaction temperature based on binder viscosity. However, in practice, roller operators choose various windows in terms of both time and temperature for compaction activities. This makes it difficult to design the compaction process and give proper instructions to operators. This research project has aimed to (1) develop laboratory compaction procedures that take account of asphalt cooling during compaction and (2) determine the effects of different compaction strategies on the asphalt quality. Field compaction processes for two mixtures, an AC 16 base/bind and SMA 11 surf, were simulated in the laboratory using different temperature windows and applying different rolling regimes using a slab compactor and a 2.5 ton roller to produce 500 mm square slabs. The resultant densities and Indirect Tensile Strengths (dry and retained) were assessed based on 16 cores drilled from each slab. The experimental results show that it can be important to design rolling strategies within clearly defined temperature windows. If an SMA 11 surf is compacted outside the optimal temperature window, or using a sub-optimal rolling strategy, the density may drop by 30 kg/m3 and the Indirect Tensile Strength fall by up to 10%. Such experimental results are vital if one is to design appropriate rolling regimes and give appropriate instructions to roller operators. Also, the results can help to close the gap between field processes and laboratory compaction techniques. Overall, the results reflect a valuable step in the quest toward improved process and quality control.

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M3 - Conference contribution

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BT - Proceedings of the international society for asphalt pavements (ISAP) conference, 1-5 June 2014, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA

A2 - Kim, null

PB - Taylor & Francis

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Bijleveld F, Doree AG. Including asphalt cooling and rolling regimes in laboratory compaction procedures. In Kim, editor, Proceedings of the international society for asphalt pavements (ISAP) conference, 1-5 June 2014, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA. London, UK: Taylor & Francis. 2014. p. 177-188