Induction heating of UD C/PEKK cross-ply laminates

Wouter Grouve*, Evan Vruggink, Francisco Sacchetti, Remko Akkerman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
189 Downloads (Pure)


Induction welding is an attractive fusion bonding technology for carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites. The process relies on an alternating magnetic field to induce eddy currents in the composite adherents. The generation of eddy currents is difficult in unidirectionally (UD) reinforced plies, due to their low transverse electrical conductivity. Heating of UD ply-based composites therefore requires contact between plies having a different fiber orientation. Currently, process window definition for UD ply-based composites involves trial-and-error procedures, while moreover, the process is sensitive to small variations in material properties. Improved control of the process requires a proper understanding of the physical mechanisms governing heat generation, while process simulation capabilities are needed for process window development and optimization. This paper studies the influence of lay-up on the induction heating or UD ply-based composites. Two lay-ups were considered, namely a dispersed lay-up of [0/90]3s and a grouped lay-up of [03/903]s. A simulation model was implemented to model the heating process. The required electrical conductivities were obtained experimentally. Validation experiments showed that the model was able to predict the induction heating of the laminate with the dispersed lay-up rather well, while it underpredicted the heating rate of the laminate with the grouped lay-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-35
Number of pages7
JournalProcedia manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2020
Event23rd International Conference on Material Forming, ESAFORM 2020 - BTU Cottbus-Senftenberg, Cottbus, Germany
Duration: 4 May 20206 May 2020
Conference number: 23


  • Experiments
  • Induction heating
  • Simulation
  • Thermoplastic composites


Dive into the research topics of 'Induction heating of UD C/PEKK cross-ply laminates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this