Industrial Process Design for the Production of Aniline by Direct Amination

Rick T. Driessen*, Peter Kamphuis, Lydwien Mathijssen, Ruo Zhang, Louis G.J. van der Ham, Henk van den Berg, Arend Jan Zeeuw

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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The objective is to design a plant from raw material to product for the production of aniline by direct amination of benzene. The process design is started on a conceptual level and ended on a basic engineering level as well as a techno-economical evaluation. The amination of benzene by hydroxylamine was used as basis. For the production of hydroxylamine four routes are proposed. The most promising route is the chemical reduction of nitric oxide with hydrogen. The process evaluation shows that 27 % of the atomic nitrogen is lost. The atomic carbon efficiency is close to unity. Furthermore, a significant amount of steam can be produced. From an economical perspective, there is still room for improvement because the return of investment is quite low and the payback period is quite high.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)838-846
Number of pages9
JournalChemical engineering and technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017


  • Aniline
  • Conceptual process design
  • Direct amination
  • Hydroxylamine
  • Techno-economical evaluation
  • 22/4 OA procedure


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