Industrial Process Design for the Production of Aniline by Direct Amination

Rick T. Driessen*, Peter Kamphuis, Lydwien Mathijssen, Ruo Zhang, Louis G.J. van der Ham, Henk van den Berg, Arend Jan Zeeuw

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The objective is to design a plant from raw material to product for the production of aniline by direct amination of benzene. The process design is started on a conceptual level and ended on a basic engineering level as well as a techno-economical evaluation. The amination of benzene by hydroxylamine was used as basis. For the production of hydroxylamine four routes are proposed. The most promising route is the chemical reduction of nitric oxide with hydrogen. The process evaluation shows that 27 % of the atomic nitrogen is lost. The atomic carbon efficiency is close to unity. Furthermore, a significant amount of steam can be produced. From an economical perspective, there is still room for improvement because the return of investment is quite low and the payback period is quite high.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)838-846
Number of pages9
JournalChemical engineering and technology
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

Fingerprint

Amination
Hydroxylamine
Aniline
Benzene
Process design
Nitric oxide
Steam
Hydrogen
Raw materials
Nitric Oxide
Nitrogen
Carbon
aniline

Keywords

  • Aniline
  • Conceptual process design
  • Direct amination
  • Hydroxylamine
  • Techno-economical evaluation

Cite this

Driessen, Rick T. ; Kamphuis, Peter ; Mathijssen, Lydwien ; Zhang, Ruo ; van der Ham, Louis G.J. ; van den Berg, Henk ; Zeeuw, Arend Jan. / Industrial Process Design for the Production of Aniline by Direct Amination. In: Chemical engineering and technology. 2017 ; Vol. 40, No. 5. pp. 838-846.
@article{501b489cb0fd4c06ba2e1e45c9e979a4,
title = "Industrial Process Design for the Production of Aniline by Direct Amination",
abstract = "The objective is to design a plant from raw material to product for the production of aniline by direct amination of benzene. The process design is started on a conceptual level and ended on a basic engineering level as well as a techno-economical evaluation. The amination of benzene by hydroxylamine was used as basis. For the production of hydroxylamine four routes are proposed. The most promising route is the chemical reduction of nitric oxide with hydrogen. The process evaluation shows that 27 {\%} of the atomic nitrogen is lost. The atomic carbon efficiency is close to unity. Furthermore, a significant amount of steam can be produced. From an economical perspective, there is still room for improvement because the return of investment is quite low and the payback period is quite high.",
keywords = "Aniline, Conceptual process design, Direct amination, Hydroxylamine, Techno-economical evaluation",
author = "Driessen, {Rick T.} and Peter Kamphuis and Lydwien Mathijssen and Ruo Zhang and {van der Ham}, {Louis G.J.} and {van den Berg}, Henk and Zeeuw, {Arend Jan}",
note = "Special Issue: CHISA 2016",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/ceat.201600635",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "838--846",
journal = "Chemical engineering and technology",
issn = "0930-7516",
publisher = "Wiley-VCH Verlag",
number = "5",

}

Industrial Process Design for the Production of Aniline by Direct Amination. / Driessen, Rick T.; Kamphuis, Peter; Mathijssen, Lydwien; Zhang, Ruo; van der Ham, Louis G.J.; van den Berg, Henk; Zeeuw, Arend Jan.

In: Chemical engineering and technology, Vol. 40, No. 5, 01.05.2017, p. 838-846.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Industrial Process Design for the Production of Aniline by Direct Amination

AU - Driessen, Rick T.

AU - Kamphuis, Peter

AU - Mathijssen, Lydwien

AU - Zhang, Ruo

AU - van der Ham, Louis G.J.

AU - van den Berg, Henk

AU - Zeeuw, Arend Jan

N1 - Special Issue: CHISA 2016

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - The objective is to design a plant from raw material to product for the production of aniline by direct amination of benzene. The process design is started on a conceptual level and ended on a basic engineering level as well as a techno-economical evaluation. The amination of benzene by hydroxylamine was used as basis. For the production of hydroxylamine four routes are proposed. The most promising route is the chemical reduction of nitric oxide with hydrogen. The process evaluation shows that 27 % of the atomic nitrogen is lost. The atomic carbon efficiency is close to unity. Furthermore, a significant amount of steam can be produced. From an economical perspective, there is still room for improvement because the return of investment is quite low and the payback period is quite high.

AB - The objective is to design a plant from raw material to product for the production of aniline by direct amination of benzene. The process design is started on a conceptual level and ended on a basic engineering level as well as a techno-economical evaluation. The amination of benzene by hydroxylamine was used as basis. For the production of hydroxylamine four routes are proposed. The most promising route is the chemical reduction of nitric oxide with hydrogen. The process evaluation shows that 27 % of the atomic nitrogen is lost. The atomic carbon efficiency is close to unity. Furthermore, a significant amount of steam can be produced. From an economical perspective, there is still room for improvement because the return of investment is quite low and the payback period is quite high.

KW - Aniline

KW - Conceptual process design

KW - Direct amination

KW - Hydroxylamine

KW - Techno-economical evaluation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018755683&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ceat.201600635

DO - 10.1002/ceat.201600635

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85018755683

VL - 40

SP - 838

EP - 846

JO - Chemical engineering and technology

JF - Chemical engineering and technology

SN - 0930-7516

IS - 5

ER -