Inexpensive user tracking using Boltzmann machines

Elena Mocanu, Decebal Constantin Mocanu, Haitham Bou Ammar, Zoran Zivkovic, Antonio Liotta, Evgueni Smirnov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Inexpensive user tracking is an important problem in various application domains such as healthcare, human-computer interaction, energy savings, safety, robotics, security and so on. Yet, it cannot be easily solved due to its probabilistic nature, high level of abstraction and uncertainties, on the one side, and to the limitations of our current technologies and learning algorithms, on the other side. In this paper, we tackle this problem by using the Multi-integrated Sensor Technology, which comes at a low price. At the same time, we are aiming to address the lightweight learning requirements by investigating Factored Conditional Restricted Boltzmann Machines (FCRBMs), a form of Deep Learning, that has proven to be an efficient and effective machine learning framework. However, due to their construction properties, the conventional FCRBMs are only capable of performing predictions but are not capable of making classification. Herein, we are proposing extended FCRBMs (eFCRBMs), which incorporate a novel classification scheme, to solve this problem. Experiments performed on both artificially generated as well as real-world data demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed technique. We show that eFCRBMs outperform popular approaches including Support Vector Machines, Naive Bayes, AdaBoost, and Gaussian Mixture Models.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC2014)
Subtitle of host publication5-8 October, San Diego, California
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4799-3840-7
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2014 - Paradise Point Resort and Spa, San Diego, United States
Duration: 5 Oct 20148 Oct 2014


ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2014
Abbreviated titleSMC 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego


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