Influence of Roughness Trips on Near- and Far-Field Trailing-Edge Noise

Fernanda L. dos Santos*, Laura Botero-Bolívar, Cornelis Venner, Leandro D. de Santana

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
85 Downloads (Pure)


Roughness trips are widely applied in wind-tunnel testing to hasten the laminar–turbulent boundary-layer transition. It is well known that they influence the boundary-layer transition and its development. However, their influence on aeroacoustic quantities (in particular, on the airfoil trailing-edge noise) is not yet fully understood. This paper discusses the relationship between the trip height and the boundary-layer development and radiated trailing-edge noise. Wind-tunnel experiments were performed with zigzag strips and grit elements placed on the surface of a NACA 0012 airfoil. The roughness trip heights k ranged from 17 to 214% of the undisturbed boundary-layer thickness δk at the trip location. The chord-based Reynolds number varied from 1.3×105 to 3.3×105. This paper shows that trip heights within 50 to 105% of δk have little influence on the near field and the trailing-edge noise. However, trips with k/δk>1.05 increase the spectra of velocity and pressure fluctuations in the low-frequency range up to 2.5 and 3 dB, respectively, resulting in an increase of the trailing-edge radiated noise up to 4 dB in a similar frequency range. In summary, this paper shows the importance of carefully defining the roughness trip used to trigger a laminar–turbulent transition in aeroacoustic and aerodynamic measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5880-5889
Number of pages10
JournalAIAA journal
Issue number10
Early online date14 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022
EventAIAA Aviation Forum 2021 - Virtual Event
Duration: 2 Aug 20216 Aug 2021


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