Influence of unexpected events on driving behaviour at different hierarchical levels: A driving simulator experiment

Nina Schaap, A.R.A. van der Horst, Bart van Arem

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Computer based simulation models of human driving behaviour can be used effectively to model driving behaviour and behavioural adaptation to Intelligent Transport System (ITS). This can be a useful step in human centered design of ITS. To construct a comprehensive model of driving behaviour, the interaction between the three levels of the driving task has to be determined. This gives insight into how different driving tasks influence each other. A driving simulator experiment was conducted to determine the relationship between levels of the driving task. The influence of workload on this relationship was determined by giving subjects an additional cognitive task. Subjects had to drive many similar intersections, with two unexpected events. Their reaction on the tactical level to the compensation on the control level was measured. Participants lowered speed and increased headway after having to brake; level of unexpectedness increased this effect. Workload decreased this effect on driving speed.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationProceedings of European Conference on Human Centred Design for Intelligent Transport Systems, Lyon, France, April 3rd-4th, 2008
EditorsCorinne Brusque
Place of PublicationLyon, France
PublisherHUMANIST Publications
ISBN (Print)978-2-95317-12-0-4
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2008
EventEuropean Conference on Human Centred Design for Intelligent Transport Systems 2008 - Lyon, France
Duration: 3 Apr 20084 Apr 2008

Publication series

PublisherHUMANIST publications


ConferenceEuropean Conference on Human Centred Design for Intelligent Transport Systems 2008
Other3-4 April 2008


  • METIS-247336
  • IR-101579

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