Inhibition of the triceps surae stretch reflex by stimulation of the deep peroneal nerve in persons with spastic stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000;81:1016-24. Objective: To reduce the triceps surae stretch reflex by electrical stimulation of the deep peroneal nerve. Design: Intervention study. Setting: Research institution. Participants: Sample of convenience of 10 spastic stroke individuals. Intervention: After the deep peroneal nerve was stimulated between 0.9 and 4 times tibialis anterior motor threshold, the triceps surae was stretched to elicit a reflex. Main Outcome Measure: The triceps surae stretch reflex was quantified by the amplitude of the reflex electromyography (EMG) in soleus and medial gastrocnemius muscles and mean ankle moment. Paired t test and the Wilcoxon signed rank test (p < .05) were used to evaluate the effect of conditioning stimulation. Results: The soleus stretch reflex EMG was reduced significantly (p < .001) by stimulating the deep peroneal nerve to 25% ± 6% (standard error) of the unconditioned value (relaxed triceps surae). The optimal interval between stimulation and stretch was 141 ± 15msec. The velocity threshold increased significantly (p = .006) from a median value of 8° per second to 33° per second and the area under the stretch velocity/stretch reflex relation decreased significantly (p < .001) (soleus EMG). Conclusions: The stretch reflex of relaxed triceps surae in persons with spastic stroke can be extensively reduced by stimulating the deep peroneal nerve at several times motor threshold of the tibialis anterior.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Electric stimulation
- Triceps surae