Purpose: To determine whether spectral detector CT (SDCT) with a plain non-enhanced monochromatic CT, a water-weighted image after iodine removal, an iodine map, and Mono energetic images changes the diagnosis and classification of intracranial hemorrhage based on single energy CT after endovascular treatment (EVT) for ischemic stroke. Methods: Two readers evaluated single energy and SD CT data collected from 63 patients within one week after EVT. They diagnosed ICH or contrast staining, and graded ICH according to the Heidelberg and Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke–Monitoring Study (SITS-MOST) classification. Differences in diagnosis between single energy and SD CT were tested with Pearson's chi-squared test. Diagnostic values of single energy CT were calculated. Interrater agreement was based on Cohen’s Kappa. Results: When spectral data were added to single energy CT, the diagnosis of ICH changed in 8 CT scans (13%): in 4, the diagnosis of ICH was rejected and in 4, initially undetected ICH was diagnosed. In an additional 3 patients, the ICH grade was modified. CT alone had 88% sensitivity, 87% specificity, 88% positive diagnostic value, 87% negative diagnostic value, and 87% overall accuracy for ICH compared to SDCT. Interreader agreement on the presence of ICH was 0.84 (95% CI 0.51–0.86) for spectral CT and 0.84 (95% CI 0.73–0.97) for single energy CT. Conclusion: SD CT after endovascular treatment contributes to the distinction between intracranial hemorrhage and contrast staining.
- Computed tomography
- Endovascular treatment
- Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)
- Spectral computed tomography