Instance-based semantic interoperability in the cultural heritage

Shenghui Wang*, Antoine Isaac, Stefan Schlobach, Lourens Van Der Meij, Balthasar Schopman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This paper gives a comprehensive overview over the problem of Semantic Interoperability in the Cultural Heritage domain, with a particular focus on solutions centered around extensional, i.e., instance-based, ontology matching methods. It presents three typical scenarios requiring interoperability, one with homogeneous collections, one with heterogeneous collections, and one with multi-lingual collections. It discusses two different ways to evaluate potential alignments, one based on the application of re-indexing, one using a reference alignment. To these scenarios we apply extensional matching with different similarity measures, which gives interesting insight into the applicability of this matching approach. Finally, we firmly position our work in the Cultural Heritage context through an extensive discussion of the relevance for, and issues related to this specific field. The findings are as unspectacular as expected, but nevertheless important: the provided methods can really improve interoperability in a number of important cases, but they are not universal solutions to all related problems. This paper provides a solid foundation for any future work on Semantic Interoperability in the Cultural Heritage domain, in particular for anybody intending to apply extensional methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-64
Number of pages20
JournalSemantic web
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Cultural heritage
  • Instance-based methods
  • Ontology matching
  • Semantic interoperability


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