Institutional aspects of integrating irrigation into urban wastewater management: the case of Hanoi, Vietnam

J.G. Evers, Frans P. Huibers, Bas J.M. van Vliet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wastewater flows of metropolitan cities and their downstream use for irrigation are often associated with technical systems. However, an engineering approach on its own will leave questions unanswered at the socio-technical and institutional level. Research was carried out in Hanoi, Vietnam, on the use of polluted irrigation water in periurban agriculture. Apart from outlining the physical features of the urban wastewater chain, a supply chain approach has been applied. Stakeholders along the management chain of the conventional urban wastewater system resemble spot markets (independent actors who act in self-interest) as described in supply chain management literature. In Hanoi, the conventional approach towards wastewater management consists of a strict separation of urban wastewater management from periurban agricultural use and a neglect of farmers as stakeholders in the chain. It is suggested that the use of wastewater in agriculture should be incorporated into urban water management systems and that farmers should be included as acting stakeholders in the management of the wastewater chain. This paper concludes with suggestions for urban water management that are necessary to combine urban wastewater management with periurban agriculture.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)336-344
JournalIrrigation and drainage
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Wastewater irrigation
  • periurban agriculture
  • water chain management
  • IR-68225
  • irrigation avec les eaux usées
  • agriculture périurbaine
  • institutional change
  • urban wastewater management
  • gestion de la filière eau
  • gestion des eaux usées urbaines
  • Vietnam
  • changements institutionnels

Cite this

Evers, J.G. ; Huibers, Frans P. ; van Vliet, Bas J.M. / Institutional aspects of integrating irrigation into urban wastewater management: the case of Hanoi, Vietnam. In: Irrigation and drainage. 2008 ; Vol. 59, No. 3. pp. 336-344.
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abstract = "Wastewater flows of metropolitan cities and their downstream use for irrigation are often associated with technical systems. However, an engineering approach on its own will leave questions unanswered at the socio-technical and institutional level. Research was carried out in Hanoi, Vietnam, on the use of polluted irrigation water in periurban agriculture. Apart from outlining the physical features of the urban wastewater chain, a supply chain approach has been applied. Stakeholders along the management chain of the conventional urban wastewater system resemble spot markets (independent actors who act in self-interest) as described in supply chain management literature. In Hanoi, the conventional approach towards wastewater management consists of a strict separation of urban wastewater management from periurban agricultural use and a neglect of farmers as stakeholders in the chain. It is suggested that the use of wastewater in agriculture should be incorporated into urban water management systems and that farmers should be included as acting stakeholders in the management of the wastewater chain. This paper concludes with suggestions for urban water management that are necessary to combine urban wastewater management with periurban agriculture.",
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Institutional aspects of integrating irrigation into urban wastewater management: the case of Hanoi, Vietnam. / Evers, J.G.; Huibers, Frans P.; van Vliet, Bas J.M.

In: Irrigation and drainage, Vol. 59, No. 3, 2008, p. 336-344.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

TY - JOUR

T1 - Institutional aspects of integrating irrigation into urban wastewater management: the case of Hanoi, Vietnam

AU - Evers, J.G.

AU - Huibers, Frans P.

AU - van Vliet, Bas J.M.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Wastewater flows of metropolitan cities and their downstream use for irrigation are often associated with technical systems. However, an engineering approach on its own will leave questions unanswered at the socio-technical and institutional level. Research was carried out in Hanoi, Vietnam, on the use of polluted irrigation water in periurban agriculture. Apart from outlining the physical features of the urban wastewater chain, a supply chain approach has been applied. Stakeholders along the management chain of the conventional urban wastewater system resemble spot markets (independent actors who act in self-interest) as described in supply chain management literature. In Hanoi, the conventional approach towards wastewater management consists of a strict separation of urban wastewater management from periurban agricultural use and a neglect of farmers as stakeholders in the chain. It is suggested that the use of wastewater in agriculture should be incorporated into urban water management systems and that farmers should be included as acting stakeholders in the management of the wastewater chain. This paper concludes with suggestions for urban water management that are necessary to combine urban wastewater management with periurban agriculture.

AB - Wastewater flows of metropolitan cities and their downstream use for irrigation are often associated with technical systems. However, an engineering approach on its own will leave questions unanswered at the socio-technical and institutional level. Research was carried out in Hanoi, Vietnam, on the use of polluted irrigation water in periurban agriculture. Apart from outlining the physical features of the urban wastewater chain, a supply chain approach has been applied. Stakeholders along the management chain of the conventional urban wastewater system resemble spot markets (independent actors who act in self-interest) as described in supply chain management literature. In Hanoi, the conventional approach towards wastewater management consists of a strict separation of urban wastewater management from periurban agricultural use and a neglect of farmers as stakeholders in the chain. It is suggested that the use of wastewater in agriculture should be incorporated into urban water management systems and that farmers should be included as acting stakeholders in the management of the wastewater chain. This paper concludes with suggestions for urban water management that are necessary to combine urban wastewater management with periurban agriculture.

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KW - periurban agriculture

KW - water chain management

KW - IR-68225

KW - irrigation avec les eaux usées

KW - agriculture périurbaine

KW - institutional change

KW - urban wastewater management

KW - gestion de la filière eau

KW - gestion des eaux usées urbaines

KW - Vietnam

KW - changements institutionnels

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