Integrated Electrokinetic Sample Focusing and Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging System for Measuring Biomolecular Interactions

G. Krishnamoorthy, Edwin Carlen, D. Kohlheyer, Richardus B.M. Schasfoort, Albert van den Berg

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Label-free biomolecular binding measurement methods, such as surface plasmon resonance (SPR), are becoming increasingly more important for the estimation of real-time binding kinetics. Recent advances in surface plasmon resonance imaging (iSPR) are emerging for label-free microarray-based assay applications, where multiple biomolecular interactions can be measured simultaneously. However, conventional iSPR microarray systems rely on protein printing techniques for ligand immobilization to the gold imaging surface and external pumps for analyte transport. In this article, we present an integrated microfluidics and iSPR platform that uses only electrokinetic transport and guiding of ligands and analytes and, therefore, requires only electrical inputs for sample transport. An important advantage of this new approach, compared to conventional systems, is the ability to direct a single analyte to a specific ligand location in the microarray, which can facilitate analysis parallelization. Additionally, this simple approach does not require complicated microfluidic channel arrangements, external pumps, or valves. As a demonstration, kinetics and affinity have been extracted from measured binding responses of human IgG and goat antihuman IgG using a simple 1: 1 model and compared to responses measured with conventional pressure driven analyte transport. The measured results indicate similar binding kinetics and affinity between the electrokinetic and pressure-driven sample manipulation methods and no cross contamination to adjacent measurement locations has been observed.
Original languageUndefined
Article number10.1021/ac802668z
Pages (from-to)1957-1963
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2009


  • EWI-16435
  • IR-68299
  • METIS-264110

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