Integrated hydrodynamic and economic modelling of flood damage in the Netherlands

S.N. Jonkman*, M. Bockarjova, M. Kok, P. Bernardini

*Corresponding author for this work

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This paper presents a model developed in the Netherlands for the estimation of damage caused by floods. The model attempts to fill the gap in the international literature about integrated flood damage modelling and develop an integrated framework for the assessment of both direct hazard-induced damages and indirect economic damages such as the interruption of production flows outside the flood affected area, as well as loss of life due to flooding. The scale of damage assessment varies from a specified flood-prone area in a river basin or a coastal region to the country's entire economy. The integrative character of the presented model is featured by the combination of information on land use and economic data, and data on flood characteristics and stage-damage functions, where the geographical dimension is supported by modern GIS to obtain a damage estimate for various damage categories. The usefulness of the model is demonstrated in a case study estimating expected flood damage in the largest flood-prone area in the Netherlands.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-90
JournalEcological economics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • PGM
  • ADLIB-ART-2662
  • Flood modelling
  • Direct and indirect damage
  • Stage-damage functions
  • Fatalities
  • Flood risk management

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