The quantum Hall effect is studied in the topological insulator BiSbTeSe2. By employing top- and back-gate electric fields at high magnetic field, the Landau levels of the Dirac cones in the top and bottom topological surface states can be tuned independently. When one surface is tuned to the electron-doped side of the Dirac cone and the other surface to the hole-doped side, the quantum Hall edge channels are counter-propagating. The opposite edge mode direction, combined with the opposite helicities of top and bottom surfaces, allows for scattering between these counter-propagating edge modes. The total Hall conductance is expected to be integer valued only when the scattering is strong. For weaker interaction, a noninteger quantum Hall effect is expected and indications for this effect are measured.
|Journal||Physical review B: Covering condensed matter and materials physics|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Nov 2017|