Numerical simulations are conducted to investigate the dynamics of inertial particles being passively convected in a compressible homogeneous turbulence. Heavy and light particles exhibit very different types of non-uniform distributions due to their different behaviors near shocklets. Because of the relaxation nature of the Stokes drag, the heavy particles are decelerated mainly at downstream adjacent to the shocklets and form high-number-density clouds. The light particles are strongly decelerated by the added-mass effect and stay in the compression region for a relatively long time period. They cluster into thin filament structures near shocklets.