TY - JOUR

T1 - Interband superconductivity: Contrasts between Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer and Eliashberg theories

AU - Dolgov, Oleg V.

AU - Mazin, Igor I.

AU - Parker, David

AU - Golubov, Alexandre Avraamovitch

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - recently discovered iron pnictide superconductors apparently present an unusual case of interband-channel pairing superconductivity. Here we show that in the limit where the pairing occurs within the interband channel, several surprising effects occur quite naturally and generally: different density of states on the two bands leads to several unusual properties, including a gap ratio which behaves inversely to the ratio of density of states; the weak-coupling limits of the Eliashberg and the BCS theories, commonly taken as equivalent, in fact predict qualitatively different dependence of the 1/2 and /Tc ratios on coupling constants. We show analytically that these effects follow directly from the interband character of superconductivity. Our results show that in the interband-only pairing model the maximal gap ratio is as strong-coupling effects act only to reduce this ratio. Our results show that pnictide BCS calculations must use renormalized coupling constants to get accurate results. Our results also suggest that if the large experimentally reported gap ratios (up to a factor 2) are correct, the pairing mechanism must include more intraband interaction than what is usually assumed.

AB - recently discovered iron pnictide superconductors apparently present an unusual case of interband-channel pairing superconductivity. Here we show that in the limit where the pairing occurs within the interband channel, several surprising effects occur quite naturally and generally: different density of states on the two bands leads to several unusual properties, including a gap ratio which behaves inversely to the ratio of density of states; the weak-coupling limits of the Eliashberg and the BCS theories, commonly taken as equivalent, in fact predict qualitatively different dependence of the 1/2 and /Tc ratios on coupling constants. We show analytically that these effects follow directly from the interband character of superconductivity. Our results show that in the interband-only pairing model the maximal gap ratio is as strong-coupling effects act only to reduce this ratio. Our results show that pnictide BCS calculations must use renormalized coupling constants to get accurate results. Our results also suggest that if the large experimentally reported gap ratios (up to a factor 2) are correct, the pairing mechanism must include more intraband interaction than what is usually assumed.

KW - IR-61380

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.060502

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.060502

M3 - Article

VL - 79

SP - 060502

JO - Physical review B: Condensed matter and materials physics

JF - Physical review B: Condensed matter and materials physics

SN - 1098-0121

IS - 6

ER -